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World oil WORLD oil RECYCLING FUELING STATIONS (...)
Because no heating is involved, the entire oil molecule stays intact, and you're inhaling essential oils in to the lungs, so the air around is ionized and sterile, mould and scents are neutralized, and the space smells great. (...)
Endish for the Oil industry Vocational English Course Book
\ \I // 1/2 1/1 '
Evan Frendo with David Bonamy Series editor David Bonamy
Oil rig systen
Getting oil to the customer p.5
Unit 1 The oil ind
Exchanging information Describing people's jobs
Introducing yourself and others p.6
Introducing yourself and others
Health and safety: Personal protective equipment (PPE) p.9
Describing personal protective equipment Talking about oil fields around the world
Verb be I'm Jennifer Burgess. I'm from Scotland. I'm a radio operator. Present simple Matthew works on an oil rig. Present simple of be Ricardo is a roustabout. How do you spell... ? Present simple We transport the oil. Present simple of be I'm the supervisor. Asking questions Where does he work? What does he do? Asking questions What does a helmet protect? Asking questions Where is Ghawar?
Jobs in the oil industry Countries
Asking questions What's this? What does this do? Describing how to look for oil at sea Plurals
Word partnerships: thumper truck, energy source,...
Stages in getting oil to the customer
The alphabet Jobs in the oil industry
Jobs in the oil industry Personal protective equipment Oil-producing countries and states
Review p. 11
Explaining about looking for oil on land
Seismic operators p.14
Numbers p. 15
Unit 2 ! Look
On land p. 12
Where is it? p. 16
Explaining about looking for oil at sea Describing what seismic operators do Using numbers (1 to 100) Saying where things are
Health and safety: Instructions p.17
Understanding and giving instructions
Giving personal information
Giving personal information
one, two, ninety, one hundred Prepositions Imperatives Turn off the phone Asking questions What's your name? Where do you live? How tall are you?
Word stress Word partnerships handle explosives Numbers Personal protective equipment Everyday objects bring, be, turn, keep, put, touch Numbers
Review p. 19 Oil field equipment Operating equipment
3 Oi I field!
Describing oil field equipment
Giving and understanding instructions for operating equipment Describing control panels Telling the time
Telling the time p.23 Asking questions about equipment p.24
Asking questions about equipment
Health and safety: Warning signs p.25
Understanding warning signs
Making conversation p.26
Making conversation i
Explaining about drilling a well Describing the rotary system Explaining about lifting gear
Drilling a well p.28 The rotary system p.29
Hand tools p.31
Lifting gear p.30
Health and safety: Helicopters Off-shift in the canteen p.34 I Review p.35
Describing hand tools Asking for and giving directions Understanding helicopter safety instructions Ordering food in the canteen
What's this? What are those? Imperatives turn, open, close There is I There are Three o'clock What time...? What's this? What are these for? must mustn't / must not Asking questions Where's ...Are you sure? Cup of tea?
Oil field equipment
Sequencing Sequencing Present simple This is a ... This goes from... This pulls the... to 1 too supervisors i supervisor's 1 supervisors' Imperatives
Verbs connected with drilling a well Parts of the rotary system Parts of the lifting system
Asking for and about food I'd like ... Could 1 have ...
Oil field equipment Control panel components Numbers Oil field equipment Personal protective equipment Warning signs Forms No problem, OK, Good idea, Fair enough
Hand tools Prepositions Helicopter safety instructions
Partner files: Studen Audioscript
Partner files: Studen
Oil rig systems What dees it do? Dimensions
Describing oil rig systems
Asking questions about function Using dimensions Using dimensions
Dimensions - adjectives and nouns
Asking for information
Oil rig systems Oil rig systems Numbers Pipe dimensions diameter, bore long i length thick 1 thickness high 1 height Numbers Dimensions
Init 5 Wot king offs
Positions above, below, to the left of... What does it do? Numbers
Offshore fixed platforms
Health and safety: In the sick bay p.41
Describing basic medical problems
How long is it? What is the length? many 1 much have 1 have got
Describing the crew quarters on an oil rig
There is ... / There are... It is .../They are ...
Describing refineries Describing refineries
Parts of a refinery Parts of a refinery
Describing refinery jobs Using colours
Greeting visitors This is ... 1 These are... This provides... Present simple What does ... ? 1 What do... ?
Using days, months and dates
Health and safety: Emergency procedures p.49
Describing emergency procedures
Days Months Dates Emergency procedures
Talking about the weather p.50
Talking about the weather
It is... It's going to be ...
Describing petroleum products
are used... you can see... was built... Present simple are made from... Comparatives Superlatives Imperatives
Petroleum products Numbers
Asking for information
Review p.43 Refineries
Parts of a refinery p.45
Jnit 6 Ref ining
In the control room: PCBs and resistors p.47 Dates
Review p. 51 Petroleum products
o> UI (0
Describing storage facilities
Health and safety: Fire safety
Incident reports p.56 Talking about past incidents
In the storeroom p. 58
Describing properties of petroleum products Describing storage facilities Explaining how to operate a fire extinguisher Reporting past incidents Reporting past incidents Requesting items from the storeroom
Refinery jobs Colours
Properties of materials Adjectives Parts of a fire extinguisher
Past simple Past simple / need a ...1 some ... Do you have any... What type? Can you order some?
Incidents Incidents Hand tools Hardware
Explaining about laying a pipeline
Reporting progress Describing a route Describing pipeline jobs Describing types of oil tanker
Past simple will for talking about the future Present simple Large numbers
Using a vehicle maintenance checklist
Stages of laying a pipeline Pipeline jobs Stages of laying a pipeline Directions Pipeline jobs Numbers draft, beam, air draft Parts of a road tanker
Describing hobbies and interests
Adverbs of frequency never, sometimes twice a week
Review p.59 Laying a pipeline
Reporting progress p.61 A pipeline route p.62 Unit 8 Trans
Oil tankers p.64 Health and safety: Vehicle maintenance p.65 Off-shift: Life on a supertanker
Review p.67 Partner files: Student A Audioscript
Partner files: Student B
Hobbies and interests
Introduce yourself and others Talk about getting oil to the customer and oil fields around the world Talk about jobs in the oil industry Say the letters of the alphabet Talk about personal protective equipment (PPE)
The oil industry
1 9 1 EZ 1
/ am -> I'm You are ~» You're He/She/It is -> He's/ She's/It's We are -» We're You are -» You're They are -» They're
2 3 4 5
Listen and read. Match the texts 1-5 with the pictures A - E .
Hi. My name is Armando Panganiban. I'm from the Philippines. I'm a driver. E Hello. My name's Ricardo Cabrera. I'm from Venezuela. I'm a roustabout. I'm Ali bin Khalid, from Saudi Arabia. I'm an engineer. Nice to meet y o u . Hi, I'm Jennifer Burgess. I'm from Scotland. I'm a radio operator. Hello. I'm Matthew Aondoakaa from Nigeria. I'm a seismic operator.
Practise the conversation in pairs. A: A: A:
What's your name? Where are y o u from? What do y o u do?
B B B
Armando Panganiban. I'm from the Philippines. I'm a driver.
Practise in pairs. Ask and answer questions about Ricardo Cabrera, Ali bin Khalid, Jennifer Burgess and Matthew Aondoakaa. T h e n find a different partner and repeat. 1
The oil industry
Getting oil to the customer Listen. Write the names under the photos.
Matthew Aondoakaa, Vocabulary
Complete the table. Name
Armando Panganiban Ricardo Cabrera Ali bin Khalid Jennifer Burgess Matthew Aondoakaa
roustabout radio operator
Are these sentences true ( T ) or false (F)? 1 2 3 4 5
Armando is a driver. He drives a road tanker/T/F Matthew works on an oil rig. T/F Ricardo is a roustabout. T/F Ali is an engineer at a refinery. T/F Jennifer is a radio operator on an oil rig. T/F
Language Present simple
We use the present simple to talk about something that is always or usually true.
I/You/We/They work on an oil rig 1 at the refinery 1 in Nigeria. He/She works on an oil rig 1 at the refinery 1 in Nigeria.
Present simple of be The
present simple of be
1 am a driver. You/We 1 They are a driver 1 drivers. He 1 She is a driver.
Talk about your classmates. Richard Smith is from Alaska. He s a driver. He works in
Listen and repeat.
A, H, J, K B, C, D, E, G, P, T, V, Z (American English) F, L, M, N, S, X, Z (British English) l,Y
Q, U,W R
Listen and fill in the missing letters.
K^ul 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
JL JL e J-n JL JL r e t i r u _ t _ b e e y 1 g n r
3 l&lLijfl A: B:
Hello. My name's Cabrera. That's C-A-B-R-E-R-A. T h a n k you.
A: B: A:
Panganiban. How do you spell that? It's Panganiban. P-A-N-G-A-N-I-B-A-N.
B: A: B:
T h a n k you. Matthew Aondoakaa. Pardon?
Aondoakaa. That's A-O-N-D-O-A-K-double A. T h a n k you.
Underline the items you hear. PPE
Listen and read.
Practise in pairs. Ask and answer questions like those below. T h e n chang partners and repeat. A: B: A: B: A:
What's your name? Smith. How do you spell that? S-M-I-T-H. Thank you.
I work on a supertanker. We have a crew of 25. We live on the ship. T h e captain's in charge. We transport the oil. D
Here is my crew. We live and work on an oil rig. T h e driller is in charge. He's the boss. We extract the oil. I'm a roustabout.
Our crew is small. We have a surveyor and three seismic operators. We search for oil. We work in the countryside. T h e refinery is big. I work in the control room. I supervise the control room operators so I'm the supervisor. We control the refinery. We refine the oil.
— - T
Listen and write down the words you hear.
1 WP transport 2 We 3 We 4 We 5 I work nn a 6 We 7 We 8 We 9 I'm 10 I'm 11 I'm 12 I'm 13 I'm 14 I'm Speaking
the oil. the oil. for oil. the oil.
work on an work in the work in the the the a a a a
Practise in pairs. Talk about the pictures. Don't read the texts. This man works in the refinery control room. He supervises
.... The oil industry
Introducing yourself and others Mr Tr'WI
Listen to and read the conversations.
Conversation 1 John: Hi. Welcome to the crew. My
Ahmed: John: Ahmed: John: Ahmed:
name's John. I'm the driller, so I'm in charge of this crew. Thanks. I'm A hme d. T h i s is Harry. And that's Martin. They're roughnecks. E x c u s e me. Roughnecks? Roughnecks. T h e y do all the general jobs. O h , OK.
Conversation 3 Manuel: Fred: Manuel: Fred:
Conversation 2 Sayed:
Hello. I'm Sayed. I'm the new control room operator.
O h , good to see you, Sayed. I'm Brian. I'm the supervisor. T h i s is Frank. He's an operator, too. Hi, Frank. Hello, Sayed.
Hi. I'm looking for Fred. I'm Manuel. Hi. I'm Fred. Are y o u the new radio operator?
Conversation Antonio: Chris: Antonio: Chris:
Yes, that's right. Oh, good. Come with me. I'll s h o w you the radio room.
Roughneck? -> What is a roughneck? —X Pardon? ~* Please repeat.
4 Hello. My name's Antonio. Pardon? Antonio. Hi, Antonio. I'm C h r i s . Are you the new surveyor? Yes, that's right. Antonio Rivaldi. Good to meet you. I'm a surveyor, too.
Read the conversations again. What is the difference between the words in red and the words in blue in Conversation 1? Find similar phrases in Conversations 2, 3 and 4.
Language Asking questions
We use questions to get information. The word order in questions is different from positive and negative sentences and we can use special questions words.
What does he do? ~* What's his job?
The oil industry
Is he the supervisor? Are you John? What's your name? What do you do? Where do you work? How do you spell that?
Read the conversations above again. Underline the questions.
Practise in pairs. Ask and answer questions about Harry, Martin, Sayed, Brian, Frank, Manuel, Fred, Antonio and C h r i s . A: Where does John work? B: He works on an oil rig. A: What does he do? B: He's a driller.
Health and safety: Personal protective equipment (PPE) Look at these pictures. Say the words.
Listen and write the correct number next to the pictures above.
Listen and write down the PPE items you hear.
Look at the picture and label the P P E items. T h e n practise in pairs. Ask and answer questions about P P E items. A: What does a helmet protect? B: It protects the head. A: What do gloves protect? B: They protect the hands.
L i s t e n a n d m a r k t h e stress. T h e n repeat. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Venezuela Mexico USA Saudi A r a b i a Kuwait Alaska Iraq Russia L i s t e n . M a t c h t h e o i l fields t o t h e c o u n t r i e s o r state.
O i l fields
Countries o r state a)
P r u d h o e Bay
g) I r a q
B o l i v a r Coastal
h ) Russia
b) Mexico c)
T h e oil industry
d ) Saudi A r a b i a
e) K u w a i t
Practise i n p a i r s . Test y o u r s e l v e s . T h e n find a n e w p a r t n e r a n d repeat. A: Where is Ghawar? B: I think Ghawar is in Saudi Arabia. A: Where is East Texas? B: I'm sure East Texas is in the USA.
Review Use what o r where t o c o m p l e t e t h e q u e s t i o n s . 1
2 3 4
do you work?
d o y o u do? 's m y helmet? 's a r o u g h n e c k ?
's y o u r name? . are y o u from? . does he do?
Label t h e p i c t u r e s w i t h t h e w o r d s i n t h e b o x . extract
Find t h e names of six m o r e c o u n t r i e s a n d one state.
9 m t h k
J e h u s V a c 9 a e s a
9 e y X i c i d X 0 f r P s z 1 i r J 9 i a h 0 u d i
a e r 0 s 9 a b 1 n a q s m k k a r
d f c r u s s i a
k u w a i t
e p n X e 1 z k u y 1e h j 1 b i V
C o m p l e t e t h e t e x t s . T h e n go t o page 7 t o c h e c k y o u r answers. 1
I w o r k o n a super (1) tanker We have a c r e w of 25. We live o n the (2) T h e Captain's (3) charge. We transport the oil. T h e r e f i n e r y is b i g . 1 w o r k i n t h e c o n t r o l (4) t h e c o n t r o l r o o m o p e r a t o r s . I'm a (5) refinery. We refine t h e ( 6 )
I supervise . We c o n t r o l t h e
W r i t e d o w n five of each of these. 1 2 3 4
PPE i t e m s p a r t s of t h e b o d y jobs in the oil i n d u s t r y things about yourself T h e oil industry
Talk about looking for oil Use numbers (1 to 100) Say where things are Understand and give simple instructions Give personal information
Looking for oil
On land Reading
Read t h e t e x t a n d u n d e r l i n e w o r d s f r o m t h e d i a g r a m .
Seismic o p e r a t o r s search for o i l . On l a n d we use a t h u m p e r t r u c k . T h e t h u m p e r t r u c k carries heavy plates. Heavy plates are t h e energy source. T h e heavy plates h i t t h e g r o u n d and make s h o c k waves. Sometimes we use explosives. T h e e x p l o s i o n is t h e energy source. T h e e x p l o s i o n sends s h o c k waves t h r o u g h t h e rock. The layers of r o c k reflect the waves t o t h e receiver. We call these reflected waves. We use c o m p u t e r s i n t h e r e c o r d i n g t r u c k t o r e c o r d t h e data a n d t o analyse t h e d a t a .
M a t c h t h e w o r d s 1-6 w i t h t h e w o r d s a-f t o make p a r t n e r s h i p s . a) o p e r a t o r 1 thumper — 2
b) source \
c ) plate \
d) truck e) w a v e
\ : ^
L i s t e n . W r i t e d o w n the w o r d s y o u hear. Read the w o r d s a l o u d .
Practise i n p a i r s . Use t h e d i a g r a m . Ask and answer q u e s t i o n s . A What's this? B: It's a heavy plate. A: What does it do? B: It hits the ground and makes B: A: B: A:
Looking for oil
What are these? They're shock waves. What do they do? They go through the rock.
At sea Reading
Complete the text w i t h words from the diagram.
A t sea w e use a seismic s h i p . T h e energy s o u r c e is a ( 1 ) compressed The (2)
waves are reflected t o receivers.
T h e receivers are ( 3 ) T h e layers of ( 4 )
L i s t e n a n d m a r k t h e stress. T h e n l i s t e n again a n d repeat t h e w o r d s .
hydrophones reflected receiver
A t sea seismic w e a use s h i p . T h e energy s o u r c e is explosives c o m p r e s s e d gun air a o r T h e waves are t o r e f l e c t e d receivers . T h e receivers h y d r o p h o n e s are . T h e layers of d i f f e r e n t r o c k give d a t a .
Complete the text.
s o u r c e is a . s o u r c e is a . hit the
energy explosives different
W r i t e t h e w o r d s i n t h e c o r r e c t order. 1 2 3 4 5
give d i f f e r e n t d a t a .
o p e r a t o r s w o r k o n l a n d a n d at sea. O n l a n d t h e energy p l a t e o r an e x p l o s i o n . A t sea t h e energy air g u n . T h e waves f r o m t h e energy source of r o c k a n d are reflected t o r e c e i v e r s . C o m p u t e r s a n d analyse t h e data.
Practise i n p a i r s . E x p l a i n h o w seismic o p e r a t o r s search for o i l o n l a n d a n d at sea. D r a w d i a g r a m s t o h e l p . On land seismic
trucks. At sea they use seismic
Looking for oil
Seismic operators Listening
E tLM X
Listen t o a n d read t h e c o n v e r s a t i o n . Hi, Matthew. Hi. W h a t d o y o u do? I'm a seismic o p e r a t o r . W h a t d o seismic o p e r a t o r s do? Well, w e s e a r c h f o r o i l . OK. A n d w e w o r k i n c r e w s , o r t e a m s . In m y c r e w w e have t h r e e s u r v e y o r s a n d five seismic o p e r a t o r s . Right. And t w o shooters. Shooters? That's r i g h t . S h o o t e r s . W h a t d o t h e y do? T h e y h a n d l e t h e explosives. O h , OK. I u n d e r s t a n d . First, w e s u r v e y t h e l a n d . We l o o k for t h e best places t o go. I see.
T h e n w e clear t h e l a n d . We r e m o v e trees a n d bushes, for e x a m p l e . OK. T h e n w e d o o u r tests. We o p e r a t e t h u m p e r t r u c k s . T h e h e a v y plates send s h o c k w a v e s i n t o t h e r o c k . We use receivers t o r e c o r d t h e data a n d w e use c o m p u t e r s t o analyse t h e d a t a . What about the shooters? T h e shooters? W e l l , s o m e t i m e s w e d o n ' t use t h u m p e r t r u c k s . Sometimes w e use explosives. T h e s h o o t e r s d r i l l holes i n t o t h e g r o u n d a n d prepare t h e site. T h e n t h e y d e t o n a t e t h e explosives. T h e explosives send s h o c k waves t h r o u g h t h e r o c k . We use receivers t o r e c o r d t h e data f r o m t h e s h o c k waves. T h e n w e use c o m p u t e r s t o analyse t h e d a t a . Do y o u like y o u r job? Yeah, I d o .
Find v e r b s t h a t go w i t h these n o u n s . handle
. explosives . land
. s h o c k waves . data . holes
.tests . thumper trucks
There are three different ways to make regular plurals: add -s, add -es or remove the y and add -ies. Some plurals are irregular.
truck -* trucks
/s/ III or / i z /
/s/ /z/ /iz/
country -* countries foot
plates, shooters waves, eyes bushes
Read t h e c o n v e r s a t i o n again. U n d e r l i n e t h e q u e s t i o n s T h e n p r a c t i s e i n p a i r s . Ask a n d answer t h e s e q u e s t i o n s . 1 2 3 2
Looking for oil
W h a t d o seismic o p e r a t o r s do? W h a t d o s u r v e y o r s do? W h a t d o s h o o t e r s do?
N u m b e r s 1 to 100 1 one 2 two 3 three 4 four 5 five 6 six 7 seven 8 eight 9 nine 10 ten
Note the difference between: thirteen (13) and thirty (30) fourteen (14) and forty (40) sixteen (16) and sixty (60)
L i s t e n a n d c i r c l e t h e n u m b e r s y o u hear. a) 4 b) 3 c ) 12
U 13 14
% 30 16
d) 2 e) 9
L i s t e n a n d w r i t e t h e n u m b e r s y o u hear. a) b) c) d) e)
What's next? W r i t e t h e answer a n d c o m p a r e i n p a i r s . c) 2, 4, 6 , _ d ) 9, 10, 1 1 , .
a) 1 , 2 , 3 , b ) 3, 5, 7,
e) 2 0 , 3 0 , 4 0 , . 0 19,18,17,
Write the numbers. a) f o r t y - o n e b) twenty-three c) thirty-nine
d) thirteen e) t w e l v e f) seventy-four
Say t h e f o l l o w i n g t h r e e t i m e s , as fast as p o s s i b l e . T h e n make u p s i m i l a r 'tongue twisters'. a) T h r e e t h u m p e r t r u c k s b ) Sixty-six seismic o p e r a t o r s c) Forty-four hydrophones
Practise i n p a i r s . Take t u r n s t o give i n s t r u c t i o n s . A:
Count from one to ten.
OK. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten. Now your Count backwards from eighty-seven to seventy-eight. OK. Eighty-seven, eighty-six, eighty-five, ...
Looking for oil
Where is it? Vocabulary
L o o k at t h e p i c t u r e . Read t h e sentences a b o u t t h e p i c t u r e . 1 2 3 4
M y jacket is b e h i n d t h e d o o r , o n the hook.
T h e t a b l e is i n f r o n t of t h e window. T h e coffee is i n t h e c u p .
Complete t h e sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Where's t h e helmet? It's on the Where's t h e jacket? It's the Where's t h e coffee? It's the W h e r e are t h e glasses? They're W h e r e are t h e boots? They're Where's t h e manual? It's the
Where are the They're on the
Looking for oil
. the table and the door.
. the hook.
cup. the manual. . the table. table.
y Bottle of water
Practise i n p a i r s . Use t h i n g s i n t h e r o o m . A: B:
T h e safety glasses are n e x t t o t h e manual. T h e h e l m e t is o n t h e floor, between the table and the door.
T h e safety m a n u a l is o n t h e table. T h e b o o t s are u n d e r t h e t a b l e .
Health and safety: Instructions Vocabulary
Practise i n p a i r s . Take t u r n s t o give a n d f o l l o w i n s t r u c t i o n s . 1 2 3 4 5 6
Stand u p . D o n ' t s t a n d u p . Sit d o w n . P o i n t t o t h e d o o r . D o n ' t p o i n t t o t h e d o o r . Point t o t h e w i n d o w . Wave. Don't w a v e . T o u c h y o u r h e a d . Stand near t h e door. D o n ' t s t a n d near t h e d o o r . Stand near t h e w i n d o w . T u r n o n t h e l i g h t s . T u r n off t h e l i g h t s . Don't p u t y o u r b o o k u n d e r t h e t a b l e . Put y o u r b o o k o n t h e t a b l e .
Don't touch. -* Do not touch. Don't do that. -* Do not do that. Listening
Listen t o and read t h e c o n v e r s a t i o n .
OK, y o u r first j o b . Explosives are dangerous, so be careful. OK. First of a l l , t u r n off t h a t p h o n e . No p h o n e s w i t h explosives. Sorry. No p r o b l e m . Now. B r i n g t h e b o x o v e r here. OK. A n d p u t t h e spare cables o n t h e t r u c k . Yellow o n t h e r i g h t , red o n t h e left. OK. A n d keep an eye o n t h e r o a d . A n y cars, call m e . OK? OK. A n d d o n ' t t o u c h t h a t flask. It's m y coffee. N o t y o u r s ! OK!
Complete the instructions w i t h the words in the box. bring 1
2 3 4 5 6
. off t h e p h o n e , the box here. . careful. . t h e cables o n t h e t r u c k . . an eye o n t h e r o a d . t h e flask.
We add please to make the instructions more polite.
Turn on the lights. Turn off that phone. Stand up. Sit down. Please don't touch. Please turn on the lights. Sit down, please.
Play 'Simon says'. Your t e a c h e r w i l l e x p l a i n t h e game.
Giving personal information Listening
L i s t e n a n d repeat t h e t e l e p h o n e n u m b e r s .
a) 0780 786 3487
675 489 955
What's y o u r (1) name Jason Henley. Is Jason y o u r given name? Yes, Henley is m y f a m i l y name. OK. W h e r e d o y o u (2)
M y address is 27 P o r t D r i v e , Aberdeen.
d ) 030 456 347 328 e) 0786 747 636 468
• W L E £ f l Listen and c o m p l e t e the c o n v e r s a t i o n s .
Conversation 1 A:
D i d y o u say 27? Yes, that's r i g h t . A n d h o w o l d are y o u , (3) ? I'm 28. 28? OK. G o o d . What's y o u r job? I'm a (4) o n an oil r i g . Thank you.
A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A:
What's y o u r n a m e , please? John Karuett. Can y o u ((5) t h a t , please? 5). Yes, sure. It's J o h n , J-O-H-N, K a r u e t t , K-A-R-U-E-double T. T h a n k y o u . A n d y o u r (6) ? 45 Julienne Street. OK. Postcode? 24351. Age?
B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A:
(7) Height? Six foot one. Weight? 93 k i l o s . OK. A n d w h a t d o y o u do? I'm a shooter? Pardon? A shooter. I w o r k w i t h (8) OK. T h a n k y o u .
C o m p l e t e t h e t a b l e . T h e t h i r d c o l u m n is for y o u .
Given name Jason Family name Address Telephone number Age Job Height Weight Speaking
Practise i n p a i r s . Ask a n d answer q u e s t i o n s . A:
What's your telephone
It's 34556786. How old are you? I'm 31. How tall are you?
B: It's 2345 67876. And B: I'm 23. And you? B: I'm five foot eleven What's your
I'm five foot seven
How heavy are you? A: 2
Looking for oil
546 389 2001
Listen and c o r r e c t these n u m b e r s .
a) 030 3562 8888 7 b ) 0071 253 628 998 c ) 0049 756 463 839 3
B: I'm 88 kilos. And you? weight?
Review Writing 1
Write the plurals. 1 2 3 4
inch shooter country
flask bush explosive operator
Write these numbers in w o r d s .
4 5 6
15 16 34
56 73 98
Label t h e s e d i a g r a m s . A
/ / / vSf / / /
W h a t d o s h o o t e r s do? W r i t e t h r e e sentences.
W r i t e six sentences a b o u t t h e r o o m . The cell phone
is on the table. The door is
Write the opposite. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Stand u p . Turn on the phone. Touch the table. Point t o the door. Wave. Put t h e b o o k o n t h e t a b l e .
Don't stand up. / Sit down.
Looking for oil
• Talk about oil field equipment • Give and understand instructions for operating equipment • Describe control panels
• Tell the time • Understand warning signs • Make conversation
Oil field equipment Vocabulary
pumpjack drill collar
derrick drill bit
Practise in pairs. Look at the diagrams. Ask and answer questions. A: What's this? B: It's a drill pipe. What are those? A: Those are derricks.
Label these diagrams with the words in the box. well hole drill string
Listen and write down the labels for the pictures.
Operating equipment Vocabulary
Look at the pictures on the left. Then look at the photo on the right. What can you name?
Listen to and read the conversation.
Supervisor: OK. Listen carefully. First, you turn this handwheel. No, anti-clockwise. Turn it until it's open. Next, close this valve. And then wait a couple of minutes. Then read the gauge and write the pressure in the log book. And finally, check the flanges and the valves. Yes, that's right.
Trainee: Understood. Clockwise? OK, anti-clockwise. OK Until it's open. OK. Then close the valve. Wait a couple of minutes. OK. Got that. For leaks?
Match the verbs 1-5 with the nouns a-e. 1
a) the gauge b) the pressure c) the valve d) the wheel e) the flanges
Work in pairs. Student A turn to page 68. Student B turn to page 79.
Now compare your notes with others in the class.
Control panels Reading
Look at the picture and read the description.
Look a t t h i s c o n t r o l panel. There's a s t a r t b u t t o n t o p l e f t . There's a s t o p b u t t o n b o t t o m r i g h t . The p r e s s u r e gauge is in t h e middle. There's a warning lamp t o p r i g h t and t h e on/off s w i t c h is bottom left.
Language There is / There are W e use (here is / (here are to say s o m e t h i n g or s o m e b o d y exists.
There is 1 There's
a lamp on the panel.
There are three lamps
In the plural negative f o r m w e u s e any, not a number.
There isn't There aren't
In questions w e u s e any, not a number. In short answers w e omit t h e n o u n .
on the panel.
(is not) a switch. (are not) any
A: Is there a start
B: Yes, there
is. 1 No, there
A: Are there
B: Yes, there are. 1 No, there aren't
Now look at this control panel. Write a description like the one above.
Work in pairs. First draw a control panel. Put the controls where you like. Then describe it for your partner to draw.
Telling the time Vocabulary
i) three o'clock
b) three fifteen
Listen and repeat the times.
c) four thirty
d) five forty
e) six forty-five
Listen and tick the times you hear.
Listen and write down the times you hear.
3 1 2 3 4 5 Listening Speaking
Six o'clock , , Look at the departures board. Listen to the conversation.
Practise in pairs. Ask and answer questions about other flights. A:
B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A:
What time does the flight to Los Angeles depart/leave? At seven thirty-five. What's the flight number? TH3946. What's the gate? Al. Is it on time? Yes, it is. / No, it isn 1 It's delayed / cancelled. Thank you. / Thanks.
^DEPARTURES TIME Q7 35 G7 SG Q7 S5 G7 S5 Q7 5Q Q7 55 OS Q5 QS 15 QS 2Q BS 2b QS 35 QS SQ QS 5Q QS 55 BR Q5 GR 1Q OR 15
TO LOS RflGELES FRRnh'FURT TOROnTO Lonoon riEW YORH SYonEY FRRIS OSLO BUEnOS RIRES BRRCELOnE TOKYO IHOSKOW 2URICH rniRfni HOnG uoriG ROIHE HOnOLULU
FLIGHT NO. GATE REMARKS on TIIHE TK3RSb Rl LR-3211 03 on TIIHE GTSbSS R2 on TIH1E H'II'3323 BS OELRV'EO FD2753 Rb DELAYED L'u'2317 R5 on TIIHE B0RQ32 Bl on TIIHE FB5blQ OS on TIIHE nB77R2 RS OELRYEO GC5S33 01 on TIIHE LVKKSS 62 on TIIHE RF32SQ BS GflnCELLED TH7252 RS on TIIHE LX31QQ R2 on TIIHE OS on TIIHE En42b7 R21SQS 63 DELRYEO EKS31R Rl on TIIHE
What's this? It's a pressure gauge What's this for? It's for checking the What does this switch do? It starts the How do I increase the speed? You the dial. How do I lower the pressure? You open the What's this thing for? That's the power It starts the motor. Did you say turn the handle? Yes, that's right. Clockwise or .-clockwise? Clockwise. What do I do next? Press the start OK. Write the words in the correct order. Listen to check.
What's for this ? Did you the press say button ? What's gauge for this ? Did you pull say lever the ? What this does switch do ? Is this button a start ? Does this thing motor the start ? Speaking
Practise in pairs. Use these pictures. Ask and answer questions.
Languc must / mustn't We use must c are compulsory
Turn off mobile pho
A: B: A: B: 3
What's this?/ What are these? It's a helmet. / They're gloves. What's this for? / What are these for? It's for protecting your head. / They're for protecting your hands.
Health and safety: Warning signs Reading
Here are some PPE signs. Match the instructions to the pictures.
You must turn offyour phone. You mustn't use your phone.
Practise in pairs. Ask and answer questions about the signs. A: What does this sign mean? B: It means you must / mustn't...
Making conversation Listening
t X U l B Complete the conversations with the words in the box. Then listen to check. please
Conversation 1 Where's Cantarell 1 think it's in Mexico. Oh yes, thank you. No problem. Conversation 2 Where's Greater Burgan? I'm sure it's in Oh, OK. Conversation 3 I think the pressure's too high. Oh, yes, you're right. Open t h e . OK. Good idea. Conversation 4 I think the temperature's too high. I don't think you're right. 200 degrees is OK. Are you sure? OK, go and Jim. OK. Will do. Conversation 5 Where's your hard hat? .Why? In my Go and get it. You must wear a hard hat in this area. Oh, OK. I didn't know that. Sorry. Conversation 6 Cup of tea? Good Milk and sugar? Yes Conversation 7 A Don't touch t h e . B: Why? Is it yours? A: No, it's Norman's. B: Oh, fair enough. Speaking
Practise in pairs. Use all these phrases to make a conversation. Practise your conversation and then present it to the class. Cup of tea? No problem. OK. Good idea. OK. Will do. Good idea.
Where's ...? Oh, OK. Are you sure? I didn't know that. Sorry. Fair enough.
Complete the puzzle. What do the missing letters spell?
Write down five different items in an oil field. pump jack, ...
Write down three things you find on a control panel. switches,...
Write these times in words. 1 2 3
3:25. 6:40. 7:20.
Look at these signs. Write what they mean.
You must wear a helmet. Oilfields
• • • • •
Talk about drilling a well Name common hand tools Ask for and give directions Understand helicopter safety intructions Order food in the canteen
Drilling a well Listening
Look at the diagrams. Listen to the instructions about how to drill
for oil. 4
drill collar well hole f ^ —
- casing ON
Write the correct number next to each verb. Listen again to check. 0
trip into = lower into
a) b) install
trip out of
c) d r i l l
d) t r i p into
t u r n on
= raise out of
t of 1
Language Sequencing W e often put sequencing words at t h e beginning of
First, attach the drill pipe to the drill bit.
put the collar on the drill bit.
that 1 Next drill the hole.
Finally, install the casing
Practise in pairs. Give instructions about how to d r i l l for o i l . Use the diagrams to help y o u . First, attach the drill pipe to the drill bit. Second, . . .
in the well hole.
The rotary system
1 The swivel hangs from a hook. 2 The connects the swivel to the drill pipe. 3 The kelly goes through the 4 The turn the turntable. 5 The turntable 6 The turntable turns the 7 The kelly turns the pipe. 2
Are these sentences true (T) or false (F)? Correct the false statements. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
The The The The The The The The The The The The The The The
turntable r o t a t e s . ^ F kelly rotates. T/F swivel rotates. T/F hook rotates. T/F drill pipe rotates. T/F engines turn the turntable. T/F turntable turns the kelly. T/F kelly turns the turntable. T/F kelly turns the drill pipe. T/F drill pipe turns the kelly. T/F hook connects the swivel to the drill pipe. T/F kelly connects the swivel to the drill pipe. T/F swivel connects the hook to the kelly. T/F kelly connects the drill pipe to the swivel. T/F drill pipe connects the kelly to the turntable. T/F
Work in pairs. Close your books. Draw a diagram of the rotary system. Explain how it works to a partner. A: How does the rotary system work? B: Well, the ....
Lifting gear Vocabu
Read the text. Underline the words from the diagram.
There are two blocks. Both blocks use pulleys. The cable goes from the winch to the blocks. The crown block does not move. It is fixed to the top of the derrick. The travelling block hangs from the crown block. It moves up and down. The winch pulls or releases the cable. When it pulls the cable, the travelling block goes up. When it releases the cable, the travelling block goes down. Liste
Complete these sentences. 1 The cable aoes from the winch to the blocks 2 3 4 5
The crown block The travelling block. The winch When the winch pulls the cable, the travelling block.
When the winch releases the cable, the travelling block.
Lang to / too The words to
Look at these pictures. Describe the pictures using these phrases. This is a ... This goes from ... to ... This does not... This pulls the ... When the the ...
Hand tools Vocabulary
Match the pictures like this. The paint brush and the paint go together.
Listen to three conversations and match them to the pictures.
Conversation 1 Conversation 2 Conversation 3
Language to / too The words to and too have different m e a n i n g s .
The nut is too
Listen to the
We need a wrench
to do this.
They're next to the flask. Go from the canteen
small. the toolbox. record the data. ten. big.
Match the words. 1 2 3 4 5
Complete the following sentences with to or too. 1 This hammer is t°° 2 The wrench is next 3 We use computers 4 Count from one 5 This screwdriver is
pipe electric reflective needle-nose sledge
a) b) c) d) e)
paint hammer wrench pliers screwdriver
Practise in pairs. Talk about problems you can have with the items on this page.
1 [X~jE9 Listen to these directions. Complete the sentences. Where's the supervisor's office? 1 It's at the end J>L the corridor. 2 It's down the corridor, the right. 3 It's along the corridor, third door the left. 4 It's the door. Where's the car park? 5 Go 6 Drive. 7 It's 8 It's 9 It's
the gate. The car park is on the left. the trees. It's on the right. . the derrick. . the pumpjack. . the derrick and the pumpjack.
Look at the map. You are at A. Read these directions for the route to the temporary safe refuge (TSR) on an oil platform. Draw the route on the map.
Escape routes on an oil platform
Go straight ahead. Take the first turning on your left and go straight ahead. Take the second turning on your right. Go straight until you come to a T-junction. Turn left. The TSR is on your right.
Use the map above. Write directions for the route from B to the temporary safe refuge.
W e a d d an s to make the n o u n
We have two supervisors
here, one for safety and one for technical
plural. 's a n d s' are used to s h o w
This is the supervisor's
This is the supervisors'
office, (two or more
p o s s e s s i o n . T h e position of the a p o s t r o p h e (') s h o w s w h e t h e r the
noun is singular or plural.
Draw a map of your workplace. Practise directions in pairs. Say something about the places on your map. You must wear PPE in this area. This is the supervisor's office. Leave your phone at reception. You mustn't smoke here.
Health and safety: Helicopters Listening
tKtJLUM Look at this picture. Then listen to and read the safety instructions. Complete the instructions.
Here are some instructions. First of all, remove any loose items which might blow away. Always approach a (1) helicopter where the pilot can see you. The tail (2) is dangerous. Get in the helicopter only when the (3) signals you to do so. Fasten your seatbelt as soon as you are seated and put on your ear protection. This flight is over water so you must wear a survival suit and a (4)
Read the text again and answer these questions. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Who is in charge of the helicopter? What do you put on your ears? What must you remove? What do you do when the pilot signals you? What do you do with the seatbelt? What must you wear for a flight over water?
Put the sentences in the correct order. a) Remove loose items. b) Fasten your seatbelt. c)
Get in the helicopter.
d) Approach where the pilot can see you. e) Put on ear protection. f)
Put on a survival suit and lifejacket.
g) Wait for the pilot's signal. Speaking
• • • • • •
Work in pairs. Student A turn to page 68. Student B turn to page 79. Drilling
Off-shift in the canteen Vocabulary
Match the words in the box to the pictures. beefburger rice
Listen to three oil workers in a canteen. What do they order? How much does it cost? Drink
Listen again and look at the menu. What mistakes does the cashier make?
rice onions / cheese
Drinks tea coffee cola orange juice lemonade water
A s k i n g f o r and about f o o d I'd like a beefburger, Could There are different ways to ask for
B: That sounds A: Would
A: How about
and about f o o d .
1 have some fries,
a cup of tea? good.
you like a plate of
B: Yes, please.
$6.00 $7.35 $3.00 $3.50 $9.00 $0.50 $0.50 $0.40
extra m u s h r o o m s / bread
Work in pairs. Student A turn to page 68. Student B turn to page 79.
$0.50 $0.20 $0.50 $0.75 $0.50 $0.50 $0.50 free
Write down the following. 1 three tools 2 three things to wear in a helicopter 3 three things to eat 4 three things to drink
Label these diagrams. Then write five sentences about them. Use the words in the box to help you. turn
13 12 11 _ 10
Write down instructions to get from A to B.
• Describe oil rig systems
*^ Q ^ ^ g J"^ Q J* ^
• Explain what a medic does • Talk about basic medical problems Describe the crew quarters on an oil rig
Oil rig systems Look at the diagram. Are these statements true (T) or false (F)?
1 2 3 4 5 6
The The The The The The
turntable is on the platform at the bottom of the derricklT)F block and the hook are at the top of the derrick. T/F engines are below the platform. T/F pipe racks are to the left of the platform. T/F motor is above the generator. T/F water tank is to the right of the mud pit below the platform. T/F
mud pit water tank
Underline all the mistakes in these statements. Correct the mistakes. 1 The motor is below the platform, to the left of the engines, above 2 The fuel tanks are above the platform, to the right of the engines. 3 The ramp is to the left of the platform and to the right of the racks. 4 The mud pit is to the right of the pump and above the water tank. 5 The pump is below the platform, to the left of the derrick.
Practise in pairs. Ask and answer questions about where things are on the oil rig. What's above the turntable and below the hook? The swivel. Correct! Now your turn. Where is/are ... ?/ What's ... ? It's/They're/The ....
What does it do? Listening
" T M Listen to and read the conversation. What's this? It's a derrick. What does it do? It supports the block. Did you say the block? Yes, that's correct. i a . - i t ™ Listen to and read the conversation. A: B: A:
B: A: B:
Does the motor turn the turntable? Yes, it does. And the engines? Do the engines provide the power? Yes, they do. Does the pump drive the generator? No, it doesn't. The engines drive the generator. Do the tanks on the left hold water? No, they don't. They hold fuel. .1HM
Complete the sentences. Then listen to check.
The engines provide the power. The fuel hold fuel for the engines. The engines drive the The generator provides electrical power for the the pump. The pump sucks mud from the mud The motor turns the . The water tank water for the mud pit. 8 The mud pit contains the fluid. 9 The pipe racks support t h e . pipes. Speaking
Practise in pairs. Ask and answer questions about what things do on the oil rig. Use the diagram on page 36. A: B: A: B: A:
What's this? What does it do? Does the ... ? Do the ... ? Did you say ...?
A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B:
Listen to and read the conversation
How long is this pipe? It's 30 feet long. Did you say 30 feet? Yes, that's correct. What's that in metres? About 10 metres. OK. What's the diameter? The outside diameter is 6 inches. The wall thickness is half an inch. And, before you ask, an inch is about two and a half centimetres. So that's about 15 centimetres outside diameter and a wall thickness of just over a centimetre. So the bore is about 12.5 centimetres. That's right. OK, thank you. You're welcome. Listen and complete the sentences.
1 2 3 Speaking
1 foot is equal to 1 inch is about 1 metre is about
inches. centimetres. feet.
Work in pairs. Student A turn to page 68. Student B turn to page 79. Pipe
Lan Dimensions We can
Offshore fixed platforms Reading
Read the text and complete the dimensions on the diagram.
deck 200 m
-heliport (b 25 x
m =. x
-drilling platform ( c .
This offshore fixed platform is 710 metres high from the top of the derrick to the sea bed. The derrick is 100 metres high. The sea is 500 metres deep. The piles go 20 metres into the sea bed. The heliport on the right has an area of 500 square metres. The drilling platform is 40 metres long and 30 metres wide, so it has an area of 1200 square metres.
vertical well directional well
Write down the following information. 1 The height of the jacket above sea level 2 The height of the deck, including the derrick, above the jacket 3 The number of platforms 4 The height of the derrick above the drilling platform 5 The depth of the piles below the sea bed 6 The depth of the vertical well below the sea bed 7 The length of the directional well below the sea bed 8 The area of the drilling platform
Write the words in the correct order to make sentences. 1 pipeline kilometres is long The five . 2 five hundred is The deep sea metres . 3 wide The metres is heliport twenty-five . 4 metres The drilling platform the forty length of is .
Use these words to make sentences. 1 2 3
vertical well / deep derrick / high heliport / long / and / wide
piles / deep drilling platform / long
Language Dimensions Noun
We can use a n o u n or the related
adjective to talk about dimensions.
The pipe is 20 metres
The wall is half an inch The sea is 500 metres
of the pipe is 20
The thickness The depth
of the sea is 500 of the heliport
is 25 metres
is 100 metres
of the wall is half an inch.
of the derrick
is 100 metres.
Practise in pairs. Use the diagram to talk about the dimensions of the platform.
Asking for information Language A s k i n g about d i m e n s i o n s W e use How + adjective + is it? to ask a b o u t dimensions using the adjective f o r m of the w o r d .
How long is it? How thick is it? How deep is it? How wide is it? How high is it?
W e use What is the + n o u n ? to ask about d i m e n s i o n s using the n o u n form of the w o r d .
What is the
What is the
What is the
What is the
What is the
Ask and answer questions about the offshore fixed platform. Use the words given and the diagram on page 39. 1 2 3 4 5
high / the top of the derrick / above sea level area / heliport deep / sea at the platform width / drilling platform height / jacket / above the sea bed
W e use many
with nouns we c a n count.
W e use much
with nouns we c a n n o t count.
How many people
of oil does it
are there in a crew?
oil do they
fuel is in the tank?
Complete this conversation using much and many. Listen to check. Tell me about the platform. How (1) much j i does it produce? It produces about 21,000 barrels per day. How (2) tonnes is that per year? Let me see. That's over one million tonnes per year. How (3) oil workers are there on the platform? I think there are about 120. How (4) money do the oil workers earn? They earn quite a lot because they have to work away from home. Q
Practise in pairs. Ask and answer more questions about the offshore fixed platform.
Health and safety: In the sick bay Reading
Read the text. What do medics do? Make a list. Every rig has a doctor or a medic. Their job is to look after any medical problems on the rig. Normally they treat patients in the sick bay. Sometimes they send patients to hospital by helicopter. Medical staff can have other jobs, too. They check water supplies. They inspect food. They order medical supplies. They also train workers in first aid.
Listen to the conversations. What three questions does the medic Listen again. Write down the six medical problems you hear. 1
2 sun 3 head. 4 I hurt my 5 I've got something in m y . 6 I hurt my
wLUiiM 1 2 3 4 5 6
Listen again. Write down the solution. cough medicine sun in the other room eye X-
Language have I have
We use have got instead of have in informal British English. A m e r i c a n English does not use have
I have a He has
We both have this
He's got cough.
We've both got this
Practise in pairs. One of you is a medic, the other a patient. Make similar conversations to those you heard. A: What's the matter / problem? B: I have / I've got....
Crew quarters Reading
Read the text.
The crew quarters are on two levels. The upper level houses the galley, the mess area, the recreation room, the tool pusher's office and quarters and the company man's office and quarters. galley
The lower level has the crew changing areas, showers and toilets, a fitness room, washing machines, crew lockers, crew cabins and the first aid room and sick bay.
tool pusher's office and quarters
company man s office and quarters
first aid room and sick bay
/ V V V V V V V V X ^ 1=1 p—J88S&]
crew changing areas, showers and toilets
washing machines and crew lockers
Complete the sentences. Then listen to check.
OK, the recreation room. There's a TV, a snooker table, a telephone and some books. There's also a notice board. 2 The. . area? Just tables and chairs and a window to the galley. . ? It's a kitchen. It's where we cook our food. The_ The_ . room? We have a running machine and some other sports equipment. The . machines are on all the time. We get very dirty in this job. Everyone has a. That's where we keep our PPE. Draw a plan of the crew quarters on an oil rig. Draw two levels. Explain your plan to a partner but do not show your partner your drawing. Your partner draws your plan.
Write five sentences about this diagram.
Example: The engines provide the power. They are to the right of the fuel tanks. 2
Write three sentences to describe this pipe. length, 45 m
-bore, 25 cm
This pipe is 45 metres ...
^wall thickness, 3 cm
Complete this text.
A typical offshore fixed platform is 710 metres high from the top of the derrick to the (1) The derrick is 100 metres high. The sea is 500 metres (2) The piles go 20 metres into the sea (3) The heliport on the right has an (4) of 500 square metres. The drilling platform is 40 metres long and 30 metres (5) , so it has an area of 1200 square metres. 4
Complete these sentences with much or many. . people work on the rig? . oil does the rig produce? . barrels of oil does the rig produce? . tables are there in the galley? . money do the oil workers earn?
How. How. How. How. How.
What does a medic on an oil rig do? Write three sentences. Example: A medic treats patients.
Write seven words to complete the word spider.
1 J Working offshore
Talk about refineries Talk about refinery jobs Use colours Talk about days, months and dates Talk about emergency procedures Talk about the weather
Read this text.
Refineries change crude oil into different petroleum products. There are three main processes. First the crude oil is separated into different components. Then the components are converted using heat and pressure. Lastly, chemicals are added to make the final products. The control room is the centre of the refinery. Electrical power is provided by the substation. Hazardous materials are stored in the hazmat area.
^ L i s t e n
t o s i x v i s i t o r s at t h e m a i n g a t e t o a r e f i n e r y . C o m p l e t e t h e t a b l e . N a m e of v i s i t o r
Reason for visit
Meeting with Dr Schmidt
Marisa Codreanu and Dennis Poljakovic
New employee Separation area Control room Substation
Practise in pairs. Have conversations like the ones you heard. Use these phrases and sentences. Good morning/afternoon. Could I see your ID, please? Thank you.
Delivery of spare parts
I'm here to see .... One moment, please.
Parts of a refinery Vocabulary
Match the words 1-13 with their descriptions a-m. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
substation — _ conversion area \. tank farm \ canteen \. main gate administration building separation area
8 river 9 treatment area 10 labs 11 parking area 12 hazardous materials area 13 control room Listening
2 HL-Ufl 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
water supply for chemical processes the centre of the refinery control of access space for cars electricity supply store of dangerous materials where chemicals are added to make products ready for market h) a place to get food 0 offices J) storage tanks for different petroleum products k) the location of the distillation columns 0 the location of the labs m) where heat and pressure are used to change the components a) b) c) d) e) 0 g)
Listen to the information about a refinery. Answer these questions.
How big is the refinery? How many gates does it have? How many parking areas does it have? What is the substation for? What is the river for? Where are the distillation columns? What are the buildings in the treatment area?
Look at the picture. Which parts of the refinery can you see?
Work in pairs. Draw a map of a refinery. Explain the different areas to a visitor. This is the admin building. These are our offices. This is the substation. This provides power for the rehnery. Refining
Read the texts. Match the jobs in the box to the descriptions.
safety instructor control room operator pump system operator lab technician 1 2 3 4
My job is to work in the refinery control room. I monitor equipment and troubleshoot problems, control room operator I'm responsible for all the pump systems in the refinery. I use different instruments in my work, including pressure gauges and flowmeters. I work in a lab. My job is to add chemicals to the products and carry out tests. I write a lot of reports. My job is to co-ordinate and supervise a team of engineers and technicians. Together we inspect and maintain refinery equipment and piping systems. Sometimes we repair equipment. I train all the employees in everything to do with fire safety. This includes hazmat training as well as emergency procedures.
Find the odd one out. Explain why. 1 employee, engineer, equipment, technician, supervisor 2 pressure gauge, piping systems, pump systems, flowmeters, training 3 fire safety, write reports, carry out tests, monitor equipment, train employees Underline the following word partnerships in the descriptions above. a) b) c) d) e) f)
refinery equipment fire safety emergency procedures piping systems hazmat training pressure gauges
Find verbs in the texts above which go with these nouns. employees co-ordinate equipment reports problems instruments Speaking
Describe a job to a partner. Your partner has to guess the job you are describing.
In the control room: PCBs and resistors Reading
Read this explanation of PCBs. PCBs
Refinery control rooms contain a lot of complex electrical equipment. Technicians look after this equipment. Sometimes technicians repair printed circuit boards, or PCBs.
Look at the resistors on this PCB.
The colour bands show the value of the resistor in ohms (Q). Ten different colours represent the numbers 0 to 9. The first two bands are the first two digits of the resistance. The third band is the multiplier. The multiplier tells you the number of zeroes to add after the first two digits. The final band is the tolerance. On the resistor shown above, orange = 3, orange = 3, black = 0, so the resistance is 33 Q.
Answer these questions. 1 2 3 4 5
What does PCB stand for? What do the colour bands on the resistors show? What do the first two bands mean? What does the third band tell you? What is the fourth band for?
Work in pairs. Tell your partner the colours of the first three bands of a resistor. They work out the resistance. A: B: A: B: A:
My colours are purple, then green, then black. OK, so that's 75 Q. Correct! Now your turn. OK. My colours are yellow, purple and red. That's 4700 Q or 4.7kQ. Refining
Listen to two short conversations. Tick the days you hear.
• • • •
Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday
• • •
Friday Saturday Sunday
Listen and repeat the months of the year. Mark the stress.
What comes next? Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday Saturday, Monday, Wednesday, January, March, May, December, November, October, March, June, September,
Emergen 1 Raise th 2 Contact
3 Switch c
Dates We say the first of January, the second
the third of March, etc. or January
1 st = first
11th = eleventh
21st = twenty-first
2nd = s e c o n d
12th = twelfth
22nd = twenty-second
3rd = third
13th = thirteenth
23rd = twenty-third
4th = fourth
14th = fourteenth
24th = twenty-fourth
5th = fifth
15th = fifteenth
25th = twenty-fifth
6th = sixth
16th = sixteenth
26th = twenty-sixth
7th = seventh
17th = seventeenth
27th = twenty-seventh
8th = eighth
18th = eighteenth
28th = twenty-eighth
9th = ninth
19th = nineteenth
29th = twenty-ninth
10th = tenth
20th = twentieth
30th = thirtieth
4 Proceec 5 Check t are pre* 6 Report
31st = thirty-first
Dictate days and months to your partner.
Practise in pairs. Ask and answer questions. Find a new partner and repeat. What day is it today/tomorrow? What month is it? What's the date today? When's your birthday?
It's Tuesday. It's December. It's the third of February. It's on the fourteenth of July.
Health and safety: Emergency procedures 1
Read these emergency procedures. Why do you walk upwind?
Emergency procedures 1 Raise the alarm. 2 Contact the emergency services. 3 Switch off all machinery. 4 Proceed upwind to an assembly area. 5 Check that all your crew or department are present or accounted for. 6 Report to the senior person present.
Listen to a supervisor talking about emergency procedures. Does he forget anything? Match these actions to the procedures above. a) telephone b) talk c) break glass 7 d) push stop button e) walk f) count heads Match these sentences to the procedures above. a) b) c) d) e) 0
I would like to report a fire in the administration building. My crew are all present or accounted for. Does anyone know where John is? Follow me. Turn off the generator. Fire! Fire! Fire! 7
Work in pairs. Student A turn to page 68. Student B turn to page 79.
Talking about the weather
Listen and read.
It's raining. It's windy.
It's a storm. Listen to the thunder. Listen and complete the table.
-20° C It's very today. It's t w e n t y below a n d ... ... it's s n o w i n g .
It's a nice day.
It's very hot today.
It's 20 degrees.
There's ice o n the
Los A n g e l e s
Rio de Janeiro
A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: 6
It's very windy.
Practise in pairs. Discuss the weather report with your partner.
3"C 33° C
m & **
What's the weather like in Aberdeen today? Freezing. It's minus 10. And tomorrow? It's going to be 3 degrees and raining. What about Riyadh? It's hot. 45 degrees. What's that in Fahrenheit? A hundred and thirteen degrees.
What does a refinery do? Write three sentences.
Look at the audioscript for track 47 on page 75. Write questions to get these answers. 1
It's nearly 3 km long and 1 km wide. Example: How big is the refinery? 2 Three. 3 Electrical power. 4 From the river. 5 In the separation area. 3
Write a sentence about what each of these people do. 1 2 3 4 5
control room operator safety instructor maintenance supervisor pump system operator lab technician
Complete the emergency procedures for a refinery. Raise Contact _ Switch _ Proceed Check _ Report _
c c C c
3 c 3 C 3 C 3 C
Complete each of these word spiders.
C 3 C 3
^ d a y s of t h e w e e k ^
^ t y p e s of w e a t h e r ^
• Talk about petroleum products • Describe storage facilities • Explain how to operate a fire extinguisher • Talk about past incidents • Request items from the storeroom
Petroleum products Listening
Listen to the descriptions of five different oil depots. As you listen, tick the petroleum products you hear. 1
• • • • •
7 petrochemicals (feedstock) 8 paraffin wax 9 automotive and industrial lubricants 10 liquefied petroleum gas 11 propane 12 butane
Match the words to the pictures. 1 2 3 4 5
catwalk E tank farm bullet tank underground tank road tanker
You have one minute. Close your book. Write down as many petroleum products as you can. Compare your list with others in the class.
• • • • • •
Properties Complete the text with the headings in the box.
1 Also called gasoline, this is a liquid fuel for vehicles on land and sea. It ignites easily in engines. It remains liquid at normal temperatures. This is a liquid fuel for aircraft and rockets. It remains liquid at very low temperatures. Also called polymers, these are usually light and strong and do not rust. They can be made into different shapes. There are two types. • Thermoplastics: When you heat thermoplastics, they melt and you can shape them. You can reheat them and melt 2
Metal rusts. & Rubber stretches. Warning: corrosive materials.
This jacket is water-resistant. Ice melts at room temperature.
Complete the sentences with words from the text above. Fire hoses are made from rubber is used in aircraft. Car fuel is called or is a synthetic fibre. Water bottles are made of
Match the products 1-5 with their descriptions a-e. 1 2 3 4 5
This is a heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant material. Oil and petrol cannot damage it. For this reason, it is often used to make fuel hoses.
1 2 3 4 5 4
Match the sentences to the pictures. 1 2 3
them again and again. This means that you can recycle them. Water bottles are made of thermoplastics. • Thermosets: You cannot re-melt thermosets. They are heat-resistant. Engine parts are sometimes made of thermosets. Synthetic fibres are made from plastics. Nylon is one example. Synthetic fibres are often water-resistant and do not stretch or break when you pull them. They are used to make ropes.
petrol jet fuel thermosets synthetic fibres synthetic rubber
a) b) c) d) e)
cannot be re-melted corrosion-resistant remains liquid at low temperatures do not stretch when pulled ignites easily
Practise in pairs. Describe a petroleum product but do not name it. Your partner has to guess what it is. A: This product is black. You drive on it. A: No. It's in the road. A: Yes.
B: Is it a tyre? B: Is it asphalt? Storage
Describing storage facilities Reading
Read the text. Are these sentences true (T) or false (F)? Correct the false statements. 1 2 3 4
The The The The
smallest tank we have is 34,000 gallons. T/t£) largest longest bullet tank is 18 metres. T/F pressure in the bullet tanks is lower than in the fuel oil tanks. T/F nearest rig is 45 kilometres away. T/F
This facility is bigger than our others. In fact, it is the biggest facility we have. These tanks are for kerosene. They are much smaller than the tanks we use for the other fuel oils. The largest tank we have is 34,000 gallons. Here it is on the right. Here you can see the bullet tanks, which we use for LPG. The longest we have is 18 metres. The shortest is 6 metres. The pressure in the LPG
tanks is normally around 5 bar. This is much higher than in the fuel oil tanks. Propane and butane are both heavier than air, so leaks can be a problem. The gas does not go away. The refinery is not far, only 3 kilometres from here. The closest rig is 35 kilometres away. The furthest is 150 kilometres.
Language Comparing things W e use an a d j e c t i v e to describe a n o u n .
This is a big
W e use a c o m p a r a t i v e to c o m p a r e t w o things.
We use a s u p e r l a t i v e to c o m p a r e three or more things.
This is the
facility. is bigger than biggest facility
the most/least important
A d j e c t i v e s e n d i n g in -y
Read the i n f o r m a t i o n about the three storage facilities. T h e n c o m p l e t e the sentences. A l Gabar Oil D e p o t
Yakunst Tank F a r m
Distance to refinery
120 k m
33 million litres
32 million litres
5 4 million litres
Capacity Number of t a n k s
Al Gabar is older Al Gabar is Yakunst is Al Gabar is Hangdong has Hangdong has
_ (old) than Yakunst. _ (old) depot in the table, (far) from a refinery. _ (close) to a refinery than Hangdong. Oarge) storage capacity. (great) number of tanks.
Write five more sentences comparing the three facilities.
Compare your sentences with others in the class.
Health and safety: Fire safety Listening
Listen to the description and label the diagram of a fire extinguisher.
high pressure g a s canister
dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or water
Correct these sentences. 1 The fire extinguisher contains d r y chemical, carbon dioxide and water, 2 The safety pin is under the pressure gauge. 3 The nozzle is on the right. 4 The tube is outside the container. 5 The gas canister is above the tube.
Complete this sentence. When you squeeze the handle, ...
Look at the chart. Underline the words for parts of a fire extinguisher. Match them to the labels in the diagram above.
H O L D UPRIGHT.
S T A R T B A C K 10 FEET.
P U L L RING PIN.
AIM AT B A S E OF FIRE.
SQUEEZE LEVER, SWEEP SIDE TO SIDE.
Practise in pairs. Take turns to explain how to use a fire extinguisher. Use the words in the box. pull
Past simpl We use the Listening
Listen to four conversations. Complete the incident report forms.
action in th(
Incident 1 Date:
Description of incident: Possible c a u s e : Action taken:
John Smith called the.
Incident 2 Date:
Location: D e s c r i p t i o n of i n c i d e n t : Possible c a u s e : Action taken:
Incident 3 Date:
Location: Description of incident: Possible c a u s e : Action taken:
Incident 4 Date:
Location: Description of incident:. Possible c a u s e : Action taken:
Use the incident report forms t o explain the incidents to a partner, but change some of the information. Your partner has to find the change. Then find a new partner and repeat.
Talking about past incidents Here are some questions from the conversations on page 56. Complete the words.
1 2 3 4
What happen ? What d you do? What caus it? How d it happen?
Past s i m p l e We use the p a s t s i m p l e to talk about a c o m p l e t e d action in the past.
/ called. He didn't call. Did you call?
Past s i m p l e
Did he use water?
W h a t c a u s e d it?
Past s i m p l e
is / are (be)
was / were
Did it w o r k ? Did he forget?
H o w did it h a p p e n ?
Complete the sentences with the past simple tense of the verbs in brackets. Use the language box to help you. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
The problem (be) a faulty pressure gauge. The detection system (not work). The alarm (not go off). I (hear) you (have) a problem. Some fuel (ignite). He (use) water instead of C0 . I (turn on) the lights. I (call) the duty electrician. The driver (forget) to put the brakes on. The tanker (roll) into the wall. 2
Now make up your own incident and describe it to a partner. They complete the incident form. Date:
Location: D e s c r i p t i o n of i n c i d e n t : Possible cause: Action taken:
In the storeroom Listening
Listen to five conversations in the storeroom. Complete the table.
What was asked for?
a tool box.
1 2 3 4 5
Complete the beginning of each conversation. Then listen again to check. Conversation 1 How's it OK, thanks. I'm
Conversation 2 B: Hello again. A: Erm, this Conversation 3 B: Hi. C: Hi. I
for my tool box. OK? my tool box.
. a screwdriver.
Conversation 4 B Hi, Joe. D Hi. How's it going? thanks. You? B Not D: Not bad. I'm off-shift in an hour. Do you have. protection? Conversation 5 E: Morning B: Yeah. What E: I need Speaking
Turn to the audioscript for track 56 on page 76. Act out the conversations with different partners. Change how you speak to make the conversations more or less friendly. Practise in pairs. Have similar conversations. Take turns being the storekeeper.
day. I do for you? nuts.
Complete the crossword.
Clues Across 1 Petroleum products that are light, strong and don't rust (8) 2 A plastic you cannot re-melt (9) 4 Fuel for aircraft (3, 4) 5 A place with lots of storage tanks (4, 4) 6 Another word for man-made (9) Down 1 Another word for gasoline (6) 3 A vehicle used to transport fuel (4, 6)
Complete the sentences with the verbs in the box. supply 1 2 3 4 5
Synthetic rubber Js_ a heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant material. These tanks are to store asphalt. This facility . storage services for 35 different types of petrochemical. We . automotive and industrial lubricants to customers all over the country. Thermoplastics can be.
Write three sentences about plastics.
Use the words in the box to describe an incident. door
Complete the report form. Date:.
Location: D e s c r i p t i o n of i n c i d e n t :
Possible c a u s e : .
Talk about pipelines and pipeline jobs Describe types of oil tanker Use a vehicle maintenance checklist Talk about hobbies and interests
Laying a pipeline Look at the diagram and read the text.
string - place in a line route
Before work begins, two teams of surveyors travel along the route of the pipeline. One team drives along the route and the other team flies over the route by helicopter or small plane. They survey the whole route and inspect it carefully. After the survey, the work begins. First, workers drive bulldozers along the route and clear it. They take out trees, bushes and other obstacles and they level the ground. Next, they string pipes along the route. After this, the diggers dig trenches next to the pipe string. The trenches are about two metres deep. Then welders weld
the pipes together into a pipe section. They also bend the pipe section into the shape of the route. Next, cranes lift up the pipe section and place it carefully into the trench. The welders then weld the section to the rest of the pipeline. Then diggers push earth into the trench and cover the pipeline. Workers place signs above the pipeline to warn the public. Finally, engineers pump water at high pressure through the complete pipeline. This tests the strength of the pipeline. If there is a leak, they will find it now.
Make lists of the jobs and the vehicles in the text.
Practise in pairs. Close your book. Describe the process of laying a pipe. First, surveyors travel along the route of the pipe. Then workers clear the route. After that...
Reporting progress Listening
K j L X f l A company director (A) asks a project manager (B) to tell him about the company's pipeline project. Complete the conversation with the past simple tense of the verbs in brackets. Listen to check. A: How's the pipeline? Can you bring me up to date, please? (survey) the route last month. The B: Sure. We (1) surveyed bulldozers (2) (finish) the path yesterday. A: Good. Is the whole route (3) (do) now? B: Yes, it is. A: That's good. What about the pipe sections? B We (4) (start) last week. They (5) (complete) the first 2 kilometres on Tuesday. A: What about welding? (plan) to start welding last Friday but we B: We (6) (7) (manage) to start on Thursday. A: That's good. Well done.
Underline the questions in this conversation. Read the conversation in pairs. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B:
How was the project? Did you finish on time? Yes we did. Just! How did you do it? I thought there were problems. There were lots of problems but we had three extra crews. I see. Where was it exactly? Somewhere in the US? Yes, in Alaska. On the coast. How did you get back? By boat? No, by plane.
Language Past t e n s e q u e s t i o n s We use q u e s t i o n s to get information. T h e word order in questions is different from positive a n d negative sentences a n d w e c a n use special questions words.
Did you finish Did you have When did the How
on time? any
Complete this conversation. Listen to check. A: We finished the repairs on the pipeline yesterday. B: That's great. Ahead of schedule. When (1) did you finish the inspections? A: On Tuesday. B: I see. Did you (2) any problems? A: No, not really. A couple of small leaks. That's all. Nothing serious. B: When (3) the new valves arrive? A: Before we left. So no problems there. B: What (4) the crew members like? Did you have a good supervisor? A: Yes the team was very good and the supervisor was great.
Practise in pairs. Student A turn to page 68. Student B turn to page 79. Transport
A pipeline route Look at the photos and the map. Read the text.
OCEAN Prudhoe Bay
The Trans-Alaska Oil Pipeline is 800 miles long and goes from Prudhoe Bay to Valdez. It has 11 pump stations and took four years to build. Thousands of people worked on the project. It starts at the coast and finishes at the sea. It goes through valleys and crosses rivers.
will f o r t a l k i n g a b o u t t h e f u t u r e W e use
+ infinitive to talk about
will go north-west around We'll (will) have a meeting to discuss It won't (will not) go south-west. What will happen on Monday? The pipeline
Practise in pairs. Student A draw a route for a pipeline from oil refinery A to the coast. Student B draw a route for a pipeline from oil refinery B to the coast. Don't show your partner. Take turns to describe your route for your partner to draw.
the lake. the
Pipeline jobs Listening
>M.-*ir!f Listen to people talking about their jobs on the pipeline and complete the descriptions. Then match the descriptions to the pictures showing the jobs.
3 4 5 6
My job is to help plan the route I have a team of three to help me. We collect information about the land; we measure distances from point A to point B, for example, or we measure how high a point is above level. We use this data to decide where to the trenches and lay the pipe. I drive and operate heavy equipment such as bulldozers and diggers. We the route of obstacles like trees, the ground and dig the trenches. I look after the technical side. For example, I organise tests on the pipe to check that everything is OK and that there are no My job is to join the of pipe together. When I'm working, I use a special helmet to my eyes. I operate heavy machinery for moving equipment from A to B. For example, I lift sections of the pipe and them in the trench. My job is to transport the equipment and pipes from the ships to the site. Sometimes this means long by road and across country. I also have to look after my Listen to three more job descriptions. Make notes.
K M |
Write down the name of a job in the oil industry. Do not show anybody. Then play 20 questions. Your teacher will explain how the game works. Transport
Oil tankers Language
Large numbers 2,300 = t w o t h o u s a n d , three h u n d r e d 3 0 0 , 0 0 0 = three h u n d r e d t h o u s a n d 4 2 3 , 3 0 0 = four h u n d r e d a n d twenty-three t h o u s a n d , three h u n d r e d
Listen to the information about oil tankers. Match the numbers a-f to the correct words 1-6. a) b) c) d) e)
4,000— 320,000 1,504 226 564,763 2010
2 Btjkifil 1 2 3 Reading
1 metric tonnes 2 width of Jahre Viking, in feet 3 oil tankers 4 length of Jahre Viking, in feet 5 Jahre Viking scrapped 6 deadweight tonnage of Jahre Viking
Name:. Date: _ Location: _ Windscreen
Listen again. Then answer these questions.
What is the difference between crude tankers and product tankers? What does DWT stand for? What does VLCC mean?
Discharge vj Documents
Here is some information about other classes of tanker. What do the words draft, beam and air draft mean?
Malaccamax The Strait of Malacca is 25 metres deep. Ships with a greater draft must find a different route. Suezmax The Suez canal is 18-20 metres deep. There is another problem. The Suez Canal bridge is 68 metres high. The Suezmax class has a maximum DWT of 150,000. Panamax The width of the locks on the Panama canal limit the beam of the ship to 32 metres. The maximum air draft, from waterline to the highest point of the ship, is 58 metres. The Panamax class is typically between 65,000 and 80,000 DWT. Seawaymax The St Lawrence Seaway goes from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean. Seawaymax ships can have a maximum length of 740 feet, a beam of 78 feet and a draft of 26 feet. Other ships on the Great Lakes, called lake freighters, are larger than this and never leave the Great Lakes. They are too large to pass through the locks of the St Lawrence Seaway.
Work in pairs. Look at the tankers. Together decide which tankers can go through the four locations described above.
Length: 340 m; Draft: 18 m; Beam: 44 m;
Length: 220 m; Draft: 7 m; Beam: 22 m;
Length: 470 m; Draft: 23 m; Beam: 60 m;
Air draft: 66 m; DWT: 200,000
Air draft: 15 m; DWT: 50,000
Air draft: 72 m; DWT: 300,000
Health and safety: Vehicle maintenance Listening
Listen to the conversation. Complete the checklist.
You inspected a road tanker yesterday. Write three sentences about it. Use some of these words to write your report. check lights
inspect warning signs windscreen documents
discharge valves missing cracked
/ checked the road tanker yesterday...
Work in pairs. Take turns to read your report to your partner. Add a sentence to your report. Then find another partner and repeat.
Off-shift: Life on a supertanker
r a . - T i f William Tabone is a crew member on a supertanker. He works hard. especially when the ship is in port but he also has some free time. Listen to him talking about what he does when he is off-shift. Circle the activities you hear.
watch tv play computer games sleep listen to music
work out read
play the guitar go cycling
play games in the recreation room
Listen again. What does William often do? What does he always do? And what does he do sometimes?
Make a list of your hobbies and interests. Use a dictionary or ask the teacher if you need help.
Language How often?
/ always go to He sometimes
Adverbs of frequency c o m e before the verb.
1 play football
Time expressions c o m e at the beginning or end of the sentence.
1 go to the
W e can use a d v e r b s of f r e q u e n c y (e.g. never, sometimes, normally, always)
a n d other t i m e e x p r e s s i o n s (e.g. once a week, every
Sunday, twice a week, every day) to say how often w e do something.
Practise in pairs. Ask and answer questions about hobbies and interests. Tell the class what you find out. What do you do in your free time? I like swimming. I normally go swimming every day. He likes swimming. He normally goes swimming every day.
Answer these questions. 1 What do diggers dig? 2 Who do supervisors supervise? 3 What do inspectors inspect? 4 What do drivers drive? 5 What do surveyors survey? 6 What do welders weld?
What do these people do? Write a sentence for each job. Use the words in the box to help you. organise tests operate heavy equipment sections of pipe measure distances plan route supervise maintain pipe systems 1 2
crane operator engineer
Write the words in the correct order to make questions. 1 2 3 4 5 6
check Did you the windscreen ? you the Did inspect tyres ? Did documents you look at the ? did How you back get ? go last Monday Did you ? were What the members like crew ?
Write down the route of the pipeline from the refinery to the coast.
Label this picture of a tanker with the words in the box. Then look back at page 64. What class of tanker is it? air draft
. . ^
Length: 280 m; Draft: 12 m; Beam: 31 m: Air draft: 56 m; DWT: 75,000
Write three to five sentences about your hobbies and interests. / like football. I usually play football on Friday. fransport
P a r t n e r files: S t u d e n t A 3 Oil fields
Unit 1 The
Operating equipment Speaking exercise 4 page 21
Hi. My nam the Philippi Hello. My n Venezuela. I'm Ali bin I engineer. N Hi, I'm Jenn radio opera Hello. I'm IV a seismic o
Tell your partner to write down these instructions. 1 Turn the handwheel anti-clockwise three turns. 2 Wait five minutes. 3 Check the gauge. 4 Write down the pressure on the gauge in the log book. Then write down the instructions your partner gives you.
4 Drilling Health and safety: Helicopters
Speaking exercise 4 page 33 Ask your partner to explain how to board a helicopter.
Off-shift in the canteen Speaking exercise 4 page 34 You are the cashier in a canteen. Your partner is an oil worker. Use this information and the menu on page 34 to answer his/her questions. Canteen opening times 06:00-08:00, 12:00-14:00, 18:00-20:00, 24:00-02:00
5 Working offshore Dimensions
Speaking exercise 3 page 38 Convert the dimensions of pipe 2 into feet and inches and write them in the table on page 38. Answer your partner's questions about the dimensions of pipe 2 first in metres and centimetres and then in feet and inches. Then ask your partner questions about pipe 3. Complete the table then check your partner's calculations.
length, 12 m
The alphabet A, H, J, K B, C, D, E, G, P F, L, M, N, S, X I, Y O Q, U,W R
6 Refining Health and safety: Emergency procedures
Speaking exercise 5 page 49 Phone your partner and report an emergency. Give your location and the type of emergency. Choose one of these emergencies. Fire in the separation area A leak in a piping system Then your partner will telephone you about an emergency. Write down his/her name, job, location and the type of emergency. Ask questions if necessary.
8 Transport Reporting progress
Speaking exercise 4 page 61 You and your partner both finished a pipeline project last week. Here are the details. Answer the questions your partner asks you about your project. Use the details in the box. Then ask your partner questions about their project. Use the information in the box to help you.
P a r t n e r files: S t u d e n t A
Hi. I'm Arm refinery to I the gas. Hi. This is J supertanke Hello. My n for oil. I wo I'm Ali bin I Hi. This is I rig. We extr
1 Hi. My name is Armando Panganiban. I'm from the Philippines. I'm a driver. 2 Hello. My name's Ricardo Cabrera. I'm from Venezuela. I'm a roustabout. 3 I'm Ali bin Khalid, from Saudi Arabia. I'm an engineer. Nice to meet you. 4 Hi, I'm Jennifer Burgess. I'm from Scotland. I'm a radio operator. 5 Hello. I'm Matthew Aondoakaa from Nigeria. I'm a seismic operator. 03
1 Hi. I'm Armando. I drive a road tanker from the refinery to the gas station. The gas station sells the gas. 2 Hi. This is Jennifer Burgess. We're on a supertanker. We transport oil. 3 Hello. My name's Matthew. My job is to search for oil. I work in the countryside. 4 I'm Ali bin Khalid. I work in a refinery. 5 Hi. This is Ricardo Cabrera. We work on an oil rig. We extract oil. 04
The alphabet A, H, J, K B, C, D, E, G, P, T, V, Z (American English) F, L, M, N, S, X, Z (British English) I,Y 0 Q, U, W R <5>05
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
engineer: E-N-G-I-N-double E-R operator: O-P-E-R-A-T-O-R driver: D-R-I-V-E-R roustabout: R-O-U-S-T-A-B-O-U-T refinery: R-E-F-I-N-E-R-Y oil rig: O-I-L, new word, R-I-G tanker: T-A-N-K-E-R 06
2 A: Panganiban. B: How do you spell that? A: It's Panganiban. P-A-N-G-A-N-I-B-A-N. B: Thank you. 3 A: Matthew Aondoakaa. B: Pardon? A: Aondoakaa. That's A-O-N-D-O-A-K-double A. B: Thank you.
RPM VDU USA UAE
E_l 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
We transport the oil. We extract the oil. We search for oil. We refine the oil. I work on a super tanker. We work on an oil rig. We work in the countryside. We work in the control room. I'm the supervisor. I'm the captain. I'm a surveyor. I'm a seismic operator. I'm a driller.
14 I'm a control room operator. Conversation 1 John: Hi. Welcome to the crew. My name's John. I'm the driller, so I'm in charge of this crew. Ahmed: Thanks. I'm Ahmed. John: This is Harry. And that's Martin. They're roughnecks. Ahmed: Excuse me. Roughnecks? John: Roughnecks. They do all the general jobs. Ahmed: Oh, OK. Conversation 2 Sayed: Hello. I'm Sayed. I'm the new control room operator. Brian: Oh, good to see you, Sayed. I'm Brian. I'm the supervisor. This is Frank. He's an operator, too. Sayed: Hi, Frank. Frank: Hello, Sayed.
Conversation 3 Manuel: Hi. I'm looking for Fred. I'm Manuel. Fred: Hi. I'm Fred. Are you the new radio operator? Manuel: Yes, that's right. Fred: Oh, good. Come with me. I'll show you the radio room. Conversation 4 Antonio: Hello. My name's Antonio. Chris: Pardon? Antonio: Antonio. Chris: Hi, Antonio. I'm Chris. Are you the new surveyor? Antonio: Yes, that's right. Antonio Rivaldi. Chris: Good to meet you. I'm a surveyor, too. Q 10
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My gloves protect my hands. These ear protectors are great. My boots protect my feet. My helmet protects my head. Trousers protect my legs. My safety glasses protect my eyes. My jacket protects my body. *0 11
1 These are my ear protectors. Yours are over there. 2 My new boots are too big. 3 Where's my jacket? 4 Are these your safety glasses? 5 These trousers are too small. I need new ones. «V 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Venezuela Mexico USA Saudi Arabia Kuwait Alaska Iraq Russia
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Samotlor is in Russia. Prudhoe Bay? Alaska. East Texas? That's in the USA. Cantarell is in Mexico. Greater Burgan is in Kuwait. Rumaila is in Iraq. The Ghawar oil field is in Saudi Arabia. Bolivar Coastal is in Venezuela.
Unit 2 Looking for oil 14
1 2 3 4 5 6
recording truck shock waves heavy plates thumper truck energy source seismic operators 15
1 2 3 4 5 6 A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B:
hydrophones reflected receiver energy explosives different 16
Hi, Matthew. Hi. What do you do? I'm a seismic operator. What do seismic operators do? Well, we search for oil. OK. And we work in crews, or teams. In my crew we have three surveyors and five seismic operators. A: Right. B: And two shooters. A: Shooters? B: That's right. Shooters. A: What do they do? B: They handle the explosives. A: Oh, OK. I understand. B: First, we survey the land. We look for the best places to go. A: I see. B: Then we clear the land. We remove trees and bushes, for example. A: OK. B: Then we do our tests. We operate thumper trucks. The heavy plates send shock waves into the rock. We use receivers to record the data and we use computers to analyse the data. A: What about the shooters? B: The shooters? Well, sometimes we don't use thumper trucks. Sometimes we use explosives. The shooters drill holes into the ground and prepare the site. Then they detonate the explosives. The explosives send shock waves through the rock. We use receivers to record the data from the shock waves. Then we use computers to analyse the data. A: Do you like your job? B: Yeah, I do.
a) 40 b) 13 c) 16 d) 22 e) 9
a) 030 3562 8788 b) 0071 253 528 998 c) 0049 756 463 339 d) 030 455 347 328 e) 0786 747 636 461
a) In our crew we have five people. The driller is in charge. b) I work on a supertanker. We have a crew of 24. c) We have four helmets. We need 13 pairs of gloves. d) A: What is one plus four? B: Five. e) A: What is three minus two? B: One. f) A: How old are you? B: I'm 47. And you? A: I'm 36. g) A: How tall are you? B: I'm six foot. And you? A: I'm five foot nine inches. h) A: How heavy are you? B: I'm 79 kilos. And you? A: I'm 98 kilos.
Conversation 1 A: What's your name? B: Jason Henley. A: Is Jason your given name? B: Yes, Henley is my family name. A: OK. Where do you live? B: My address is 27 Port Drive, Aberdeen. A: Did you say 27? B: Yes, that's right. A: And how old are you, please? B: I'm 28. A: 28? OK. Good. What's your job? B: I'm a driller on an oil rig. A: Thank you. Conversation 2 A: What's your name, please? B: John Karuett. A: Can you spell that, please? B: Yes, sure. It's John, J-O-H-N, Karuett, K-A-R-U-E-double T. A: Thank you. And your address? B: 45 Julienne Street. A: OK. Postcode? B: 24351. A: Age? B: 56. A: Height? B: Six foot one. A: Weight? B: 93 kilos.
Shooter: OK, your first job. Explosives are dangerous, so be careful. Assistant: OK. Shooter: First of all, turn off that phone. No phones with explosives. Assistant: Sorry. Shooter: No problem. Now. Bring the box over here. Assistant: OK. Shooter: And put the spare cables on the truck. Yellow on the right, red on the left. Assistant: OK. Shooter: And keep an eye on the road. Any cars, call me. OK? Assistant: OK. Shooter: And don't touch that flask. It's my coffee. Not yours! Assistant: OK!
A: B: A: B: A:
OK. And what do you do? I'm a shooter? Pardon? A shooter. I work with explosives. OK. Thank you.
a) 0780 786 3487 b) 675 489 955 c) 546 389 2001
Unit 3 Oil fields
Supervisor: OK. Listen carefully. Trainee: Understood. Supervisor: First, you turn this handwheel. Trainee: Clockwise? Supervisor: No, anti-clockwise. Trainee: OK, anti-clockwise. Supervisor: Turn it until it's open. Trainee: OK. Until it's open. Supervisor: Next, close this valve. Trainee: OK. Then close the valve. Supervisor: And then wait a couple of minutes. Trainee: Wait a couple of minutes. Supervisor: Then read the gauge and write the pressure in the log book. Trainee: OK. Got that. Supervisor: And finally, check the flanges and the valves. Trainee: For leaks? Supervisor: Yes, that's right.
A: What time do we start? B: Two o'clock I think. A: OK. A: What time do you finish? B: Seven o'clock. A: OK. See you in the canteen. B: Seven thirty, OK? I need a shower. A: Sure. Seven thirty is fine. A: What time do you knock off? B: Eight fifteen. A: That's good. Meet you in the canteen. B: Oh sorry. Eight thirty today. A: OK. A: What time do you start? B: Three o'clock. No, four o'clock. A: Good. Time for a cup of tea, then. A: What time does the flight to Los Angeles leave? B: At seven thirty-five. A: What's the flight number? B: TH3946. A: What's the gate? B: A l . A: Is it on time? B: Yes, it is. A: Thank you. A: What's this? B: It's a pressure gauge. A: What's this for? B: It's for checking the temperature. A: What does this switch do? B: It starts the engine. A: How do I increase the speed? B: You turn the dial. A: How do I lower the pressure? B: You open the valve. A: What's this thing for? B: That's the power switch. It starts the motor. A: Did you say turn the handle? B: Yes, that's right. A: Clockwise or anti-clockwise? B: Clockwise. A: What do I do next? B: Press the start button. A: OK.
a) three o'clock b) three fifteen c) four thirty d) five forty e) six forty-five f) seven fifty a) three forty b) four forty c) four forty-five d) six fifteen e) six fifty f) seven thirty g) seven thirty-five 1 A: What time are you off-shift? B: Six o'clock. A: Me too.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
What's this for? Did you say press the button? What's this gauge for? Did you say pull the lever? What does this switch do? Is this a start button? Does this thing start the motor?
Conversation A: Where's Ca B: I think it's i A: Oh yes, the B: No probler Conversation A: Where's Gi B: I'm sure it'i A: Oh, OK. Conversation A: I think the B: Oh, yes, y( A: OK. Good i Conversation A: I think the B: I don't thin A: Are you su B: OK, go and A: OK. Will d( Conversatior A: Where's yc B: In my roon A: Go and get this area. B: Oh, OK. I c Conversatioi A: Cup of tea! B: Good idea. A: Milk and si B: Yes, please, Conversation A: Don't touc B: Why? Is it A: No, it's No B: Oh, fair en
Unit 4 Dr «5»32 1 First, atta< Second, p Third, fix After that Next, slid* Then, tun Next, drill After that the string 9 Then, trip 10 Finally, in 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Conversation 1 A: Where's Cantarell? B: I think it's in Mexico. A: Oh yes, thank you. B: No problem. Conversation 2 A: Where's Greater Burgan? B: I'm sure it's in Kuwait. A: Oh, OK. Conversation 3 A: I think the pressure's too high. B: Oh, yes, you're right. Open the valve. A: OK. Good idea. Conversation 4 A: I think the temperature's too high. B: I don't think you're right. 200 degrees is OK. A: Are you sure? B: OK, go and ask Jim. A: OK. Will do. Conversation 5 A: Where's your hard hat? B: In my room. Why? A: Go and get it. You must wear a hard hat in this area. B: Oh, OK. I didn't know that. Sorry. Conversation 6 A: Cup of tea? B: Good idea. A: Milk and sugar? B: Yes, please. Conversation 7 A: Don't touch the flask. B: Why? Is it yours? A: No, it's Norman's. B: Oh, fair enough.
Unit 4 Drilling f§ 32 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
First, attach the drill pipe to the drill bit. Second, put the collar on the drill bit. Third, fix the kelly to the drill pipe. After that, trip the drill string into the well hole. Next, slide the kelly into the turntable. Then, turn on the power. Next, drill the hole. After that, attach another drill pipe to the string. Then, drill again. 9 Then, trip the drill string out of the well hole. 10 Finally, install the casing in the well hole.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
The The The The The The The
swivel hangs from a hook. kelly connects the swivel to the drill pipe. kelly goes through the turntable. engines turn the turntable. turntable rotates. turntable turns the kelly. kelly turns the drill pipe.
Conversation 1 A: OK. Let's see. First thing is to undo the flange. Pass me the pipe wrench, please. B: What size? A: 40 cm should do it. B: OK. Conversation 2 A: It's not moving. B: No problem. Give me the sledgehammer. A: OK. Conversation 3 A: Right. Now I need the pliers. B: Which ones? A: The needle-nose, please. They're next to the flask. B: Ah, got them. Here you are. A: Thanks. % 35
Where's the supervisor's office? 1 It's at the end of the corridor. 2 It's down the corridor, on the right. 3 It's along the corridor, third door on the left. 4 It's through the door. Where's the car park? 5 Go through the gate. The car park is on the left. 6 Drive past the trees. It's on the right. 7 It's next to the derrick. 8 It's opposite the pumpjack. 9 It's between the derrick and the pumpjack. <5» 36
Here are some instructions. First of all, remove any loose items which might blow away. Always approach a helicopter where the pilot can see you. The tail rotor is dangerous. Get in the helicopter only when the pilot signals you to do so. Fasten your seatbelt as soon as you are seated and put on your ear protection. This flight is over water so you must wear a survival suit and a lifejacket. 37
Conversation 1 A: Hi. I'd like some fries, please, and a cola. B: Here you are. That's one dollar. A: Thank you.
Conversation 2 A: Hello. B: Hello. What would you like? A: Could I have a pizza and a glass of water, please? B: Here you are. That's seven thirty-five, please. A: Here's ten. B: That's two fifty-five change. A: Thank you. Conversation 3 A: Hi. I'd like some soup and a beefburger, please. Oh, and a glass of orange juice. B: Sure. Here you are. Five fifty, please. A: Thank you. Here's six. Keep the change. B: Thanks. A: You're welcome. Have a nice day now.
Unit 5 Working offshore A: B: A: B: A: B:
What's this? It's a derrick. What does it do? It supports the block. Did you say the block? Yes, that's correct.
A: Does the motor turn the turntable? B: Yes, it does. A: And the engines? Do the engines provide the power? B: Yes, they do. A: Does the pump drive the generator? B: No, it doesn't. The engines drive the generator. A: Do the tanks on the left hold water? B: No, they don't. They hold fuel. 1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9
The engines provide the power. The fuel tanks hold fuel for the engines. The engines drive the generator. The generator provides electrical power for the motor and the pump. The pump sucks mud from the mud pit. The motor turns the turntable. The water tank holds water for the mud pit. The mud pit contains the drilling fluid. The pipe racks support the drill pipes.
A: B: A: B: A: B: A:
How long is this pipe? It's 30 feet long. Did you say 30 feet? Yes, that's correct. What's that in metres? About 10 metres. OK. What's the diameter? Audio script
B: The outside diameter is 6 inches. The wall thickness is half an inch. And, before you ask, an inch is about two and a half centimetres. So that's about 15 centimetres outside diameter and a wall thickness of just over a centimetre. A: So the bore is about 12.5 centimetres. B: That's right. A: OK, thank you. B: You're welcome. 1 One foot is equal to 12 inches. 2 One inch is about two point five centimetres. 3 One metre is about three feet. A: Tell me about the platform. How much oil does it produce? B: It produces about 21,000 barrels per day. A: How many tonnes is that per year? B: Let me see. That's over one million tonnes per year. A: How many oil workers are there on the platform? B: I think there are about 120. A: How much money do the oil workers earn? B: They earn quite a lot because they have to work away from home. Conversation 1 A: What's the problem? B: I have this cough. A: OK, here's some cough medicine. NEXT! Conversation 2 A: What's the matter? B: Too much sun. Sunburn. A: OK, you need sun cream. Here you are. NEXT! Conversation 3 A: What's up? B: My head hurts. I have a headache. A: Headache? OK. Take these pills. One every four hours. NEXT! Conversation 4 A: What's the problem? B: My back. I hurt my back. A: Hmm. OK. Wait in the other room. NEXT! Conversation 5 A: What's up? B: I've got something in my eye. A: Let's see. OK. Here are some eye drops. NEXT! Conversation 6 A: Hi. What's the matter? B: I hurt my hand. A: Hmm, OK. I'll do an X-ray.
1 OK.therec table, a tel< a notice be 2 The mess; window to 3 The galley? food. 4 The fitness and some ( 5 Thewashir get very di 6 Everyone! our PPE.
Unit 6 Re
It's two thi A: Good m( B: Good aft A: Erm, aft< Schmidt B: Name, p A: Hans Cle B: Could I i A: Of cours B: Thank y me see. near the A: Thank y It's two thii A: Hi. B: Hi. How A: My nam< the fire ( hazmat < B: OK. Do j A: Yes, thai It's two for A: Hello. B: Good aft A: Erm, goc I need to B: Do you 1 A: Yes, of c B: Oh, OK.
on the le A: Thank y< It's three o' A: Hi. Mari; We're he towers. B: Dr Roge moment
1 OK, the recreation room. There's a TV, a snooker table, a telephone and some books. There's also a notice board. 2 The mess area? Just tables and chairs and a window to the galley. 3 The galley? It's a kitchen. It's where we cook our food. 4 The fitness room? We have a running machine and some other sports equipment. 5 The washing machines are on all the time. We get very dirty in this job. 6 Everyone has a locker. That's where we keep our PPE.
Unit 6 Refining % 46
1 It's two thirty. A: Good morning. B: Good afternoon. A: Erm, afternoon I mean. I'm here to see Dr Schmidt. B: Name, please? A: Hans Clements. B: Could I see your ID card, please? A: Of course. Here you are. B: Thank you. That's fine, Mr Clements. Now, let me see. Dr Schmidt. Oh, OK. Building 51. It's near the river. A: Thank you. 2 It's two thirty-five. A: Hi. B: Hi. How can I help you? A: My name's Abdullah Al-Rakhis. I'm from the fire department. I'm here to check the hazmat area. B: OK. Do you know where it is? A: Yes, thanks. 3 It's two forty-five. A: Hello. B: Good afternoon. A: Erm, good afternoon. I'm Sally Digby. I'm new. I need to go to Building 43. B: Do you have any identification, please? A: Yes, of course. Here's my passport. B: Oh, OK. The admin buildings are over there, on the left, Ms Digby. A: Thank you. 4 It's three o'clock. A: Hi. Marisa Codreanu and Dennis Poljakovic. We're here to inspect one of the distillation towers. B: Dr Rogers runs the separation area. One moment, please. I'll call her.
A: Thank you. 5 It's three fifteen. A: Hello. I have some spare parts for the control room. B: What's your name, please? A: Liu Gaoxuan. From GZ Electronics. B: Liu Gaoxuan? Can you spell that, please? A: Liu. L-I-U. Gaoxuan. G-A-O-X-U-A-N. B: Thank you. One moment, please. 6 It's three twenty. A: Hi. I'm Connie Grieve from the Water and Electricity department. You have a problem with your substation. B: One moment, please. A: OK. 1(47
OK, so this refinery is nearly three kilometres long and about one kilometre wide, so it covers an area of about three square kilometres. We're now in the control room. This is the centre of the refinery. Everything is controlled from here. We have three gates, with a parking area near each gate. We control access at the gates. Electricity is provided by the substation. Water comes from the river. We use a lot of water to make our products. The refinery is divided into three main areas. The separation area, with the distillation columns, is where we separate the crude oil into different components. The conversion area is where we use heat and pressure to change the components. The treatment area is where we add chemicals to make the final products. The buildings in the treatment area are the labs. *&48
Conversation 1 A: What's today? B: Tuesday. A: Ah, Thanks. Conversation 2 A: Is today Thursday? B: No, it's Friday. A: Oh, great. «0 49 January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
Right. In an emergency the first thing you do is raise the alarm. Shout 'Fire! Fire! Fire!'. Second, if possible, call the emergency services. Third, switch off all the machines and go to an assembly area. Then, check all your people are present. Finally, report to the senior person. OK. Any questions? Audio script
1 It's raining. 2 It's windy. 3 It's a storm. Listen to the thunder.
1 It's very cold today. It's twenty below and it's snowing. 2 It's freezing. It's zero degrees. There's ice on the roads. 3 It's a nice day. It's 20 degrees. No rain today. 4 It's very hot today. It's 40 degrees. It's very windy.
Unit 7 Storage 3>53
1 These tanks are used to store asphalt. The tanks are heated to keep the asphalt at the right temperature. 2 This depot is for storage only. We don't do any processing here. On the left you can see the tanks and the gantries which allow us to pump the products into road tankers. Tanks 1, 2 and 3 are the largest and are for diesel fuels. Tank 4, the smallest, is for kerosene, and tanks 5 and 6 are for fuel oils. 3 We are one of the largest storage facilities in this part of China. This facility provides storage services for 35 different types of petrochemical. Most of the petrochemicals are used as feedstock for other processes. 4 This tank farm was built 20 years ago, so it's one of our oldest facilities. We have 134 tanks now. We supply automotive and industrial lubricants to customers all over the country. We can handle up to 60 tankers an hour. 5 The bullet tanks you can see all store liquefied petroleum gas, or LPG, in this case propane or butane. We have additional capacity in underground tanks which are behind the control room. 54
This is a typical fire extinguisher. The pressure gauge shows the pressure. At the top is a safety pin. To use the extinguisher first pull the safety pin. When you squeeze the handle, d r y chemical, carbon dioxide or water goes up the tube and comes out of the nozzle.
Incident 1 A: I heard you had an incident. One of the tanks, right? B: Tank number 3.1 think the problem was a faulty pressure gauge. The detection system didn't work and the alarm didn't go off. A: Oh. B: We were lucky. John Smith saw the smoke and called the fire team out. And they were fast. A: Ah, That's good! Incident 2 A: I heard you had a problem. B: Yeah. Last night, around three o'clock. In Building 4. Well, two problems really. A: What happened? B: Some fuel ignited. Must have been a faulty switch or something. Anyway, the labourer used the wrong extinguisher on the fire. He used water instead of CO,. A: But that's crazy. Everyone knows not to put water on burning fuel. B: Yeah, I know. Anyway, we extinguished the fire. Incident 3 A: So what caused the incident exactly? B: There was an electrical problem, I think. In one of the asphalt tanks. I turned on the lights and there was a flash and some smoke. A: So what did you do? B: I called the duty electrician. He came straightaway. Incident 4 A: I saw the broken wall near the main gate. How did it happen? B: Not sure. We think the driver forgot to put the brakes on. Maybe he was tired. I don't know. But the tanker rolled into the wall. A: Anyone hurt? B: No, luckily. Just a broken wall. A: What time was all this? B: About six a.m. A: This morning? B: No, yesterday. We called Maintenance. Conversation 1 A: How's it going? B: OK, thanks. A: I'm here for my tool box. I left it here last week. B: What's your name? A: Smith. B: Oh, yes. Smith. Here you are. A: Thank you. B: You're welcome.
Conversation 2 B: Hello again. Everything OK? A: Erm, this isn't my tool box. B: Sorry? A: These aren't my tools. My tools are new. These are old. B: Are you Jeff Smith? Jeff with a 'J'? A: No Geoff with a 'G'. B: Oh, I see. My mistake. One moment, please. A: Thanks. B: Here you are. A: Thanks. Conversation 3 B: Hi. C: Hi. I need a screwdriver. B: No problem. What type? C: Three-quarter inch, flat blade. B: Just a sec. Here you are. C: Thanks. Conversation 4 B: Hi, Joe. D: Hi. How's it going? B: Not bad, thanks. You? D: Not bad. I'm off-shift in an hour. Do you have any ear protection? B: Yes sure. What sort? We have ear plugs, ear defenders, ear defenders for a helmet and ear defenders with a radio fitted. D: Er. Just ear defenders, please. B: OK. Here you are. Conversation 5 E: Morning. Nice day. B: Yeah. What can I do for you? E: I need some nuts. B: Nuts we got. What type? E: Three-quarter inch. Coarse thread, please. And half inch. Coarse, too. B: How many? E: Two of each, please. B: OK, just a sec. OK, half inch, no problem. Looks like we're right out of three-quarter inch. Sorry. E: Can you order some? B: No problem. They'll be here tomorrow. E: Thanks.
Unit 8 Transport <5»57
A: How's the pipeline? Can you bring me up to date, please? B: Sure. We surveyed the route last month. The bulldozers finished the path yesterday. A: Good. Is the whole route done now? B: Yes, it is. A: That's good. What about the pipe sections?
B: We started last week. They completed the first 2 kilometres on Tuesday. A: What about welding? B: We planned to start welding last Friday but we managed to start on Thursday. A: That's good. Well done. 4>58 A: We finished the repairs on the pipeline yesterday. B: That's great. Ahead of schedule. When did you finish the inspections? A: On Tuesday. B: I see. Did you have any problems? A: No, not really. A couple of small leaks. That's all. Nothing serious. B: When did the new valves arrive? A: Before we left. So no problems there. B: What were the crew members like? Did you have a good supervisor? A: Yes, the team was very good and the supervisor was great.
A: OK. The route is simple. The pipeline will go from the refinery to the coast. It's a distance of about 25 kilometres. OK? B: From the refinery to the coast? A: Yeah. The first section will go straight west from the refinery to the lake. B: Straight west, OK. A: Section two will go north-west around the lake and cross the road here. B: North-west to the road? A: Yeah. It crosses the road and section three will then follow a straight line north to the coast. B: Straight north, OK. A: Any questions? B: No, that's fine. A: OK, good. We'll have a meeting next week to discuss the schedule and the crews. OK? B: When next week? A: On Monday. In my office at ten. B: I'll be there. A: Great. OK. Thank you. B: You're welcome. See you next week.
4f 60 1 My job is to help plan the route. I have a team of three to help me. We collect information about the land; we measure distances from point A to point B, for example, or we measure how high a point is above sea level. We use this data to decide where to dig the trenches and lay the pipe.
I drive and operate heavy equipment such as bulldozers and diggers. We clear the route of obstacles like trees, level the ground and dig the trenches. I look after the technical side. For example, I organise tests on the pipe to check that everything is OK and that there are no leaks. My job is to join the sections of pipe together. When I'm working, I use a special helmet to protect my eyes. I operate heavy machinery for moving equipment from A to B. For example, I lift sections of the pipe and put them in the trench. My job is to transport the equipment and pipes from the ships to the site. Sometimes this means long distances by road and across country. I also have to look after my truck. I'm a fitter. My main job is to prepare the pipe sections for welding. I also install and maintain pipe systems such as gauges and other measuring instruments. My job's a pipeliner. I do lots of different tasks. Sometimes I help the surveyors or the heavy machine operators or the fitters. Sometimes I have to help clear the route of obstacles or fill in the trenches. And sometimes I clean storage tanks. It's heavy work, normally. I'm a line walker. My job starts when the pipeline is finished. I use a car or I go on foot and I check the pipeline for leaks or other problems. Sometimes I can fix the problem myself and sometimes I report the problem to the engineers. Crude tankers carry crude oil from drill sites to refineries. Product tankers carry petroleum products from the refineries to the market. There are over 4,000 oil tankers of 1,000 DWT or greater worldwide. DWT stands for dead-weight tonnage. Tankers come in different sizes and classes. The largest are called ultra large crude carriers, or ULCCs for short. They can carry DWTs of 320,000 metric tonnes or more. Very large crude carriers, or VLCCs, carry between 200,000 and 320,000 DWT. The longest tanker in the world, Jahre Viking, also known as Seawise Giant, Happy Giant and Knock Nevis, was 1,504 feet long and 226 feet wide and could carry 564,763 DWT She was scrapped in 2010.
A: OK, so let's see. Did you check the windscreen? Check it's clean and look for any damage. B: Yes, looks OK. A: OK, good. What about the lights? All clean and working? B: Yes, OK. A: Good. Warning signs? B: Side warning signs OK. Rear warning sign missing. A: Missing? B: Yes. Looks like someone took it. A: OK. We need to get a new one then. B: Yes. A: OK. Tyres? Check for damage. Check the tread and the pressure. B: All OK. A: Discharge valves? Any leaks? B: No leaks. But number 3 is cracked. The others are all OK. A: Hmm. OK. Documents? B: All OK. A: Good, so let's get go and get a cup of coffee. A: What do you do when you're off-shift? B: In my free time I do lots of things. I often watch TV, I always sleep, I sometimes read, I listen to music. I also like playing the guitar. A: What sort of music do you like? B: I like most sorts of music. A: What about exercise? B: The ship has a fitness room, so I work out most days. A: I see. B: I also like cycling and jogging. A: Cycling? In the fitness room? B: No, on a real bicycle. The ship is over 300 metres long, so I can go cycling and jogging every day, except when the weather is bad, of course.
O p e r a t i n g eq
H e a l t h and Helicc Off-shift
Health and 9 E m e r g e n c y proce
R e p o r t i n g pre
P a r t n e r files: S t u d e n t B 3 Oil fields Operating equipment Speaking exercise 4 page 21 Write down the instructions your partner gives you. Then tell your partner to write down these instructions. 1 2 3 4
Check the valve for leaks. Open the valve. Turn the handwheel clockwise three turns. Telephone the supervisor and tell him the pressure.
4 Drilling Health a n d s a f e t y : Helicopters Off-shift in t h e canteen
Speaking exercise 4 page 33 Ask your partner to draw a helicopter and name the parts. Speaking exercise 4 page 34 You are an oil worker in a canteen. Your partner is the cashier. Ask what time the canteen opens and closes. Use the menu on page 34 to order a meal. Ask how much it costs.
5 Working offshore Dimensions
Speaking exercise 3 page 38 Convert the dimensions of pipe 3 into feet and inches and write them in the table on page 38. Ask your partner questions about pipe 2. Complete the table then check your partner's calculations. Then answer your partner's questions about the dimensions of pipe 3 first in metres and centimetres and then in feet and inches.
6 Refining Health a n d s a f e t y : Emergency p r o c e d u r e s
Speaking exercise 5 page 49 Your partner will telephone you about an emergency. Write down his/her name, job, location and the type of emergency. Ask questions if necessary. Then phone your partner and report an emergency. Give your location and the type of emergency. Choose one of these emergencies. Smoke in a lab
A problem at the substation
8 Transport Reporting progress
Speaking exercise 4 page 61 You and your partner both finished a pipeline project last week. Here are the details. Ask your partner questions about their project. Use the information in the box to help you. Then answer the questions your partner asks you. Use the details in the box.
Location: Length: Start date: End date: Weather: Problems:
Alaska 102 km 30th September Last week Cold and wet Only the weather
P a r t n e r files: S t u d e n t B
English for the Oil industry is part of the Pearson Longman Vocational English series. It is designed for students i n vocational education and for company employees i n training at work. Written by industry practitioners, it combines a strong grammar syllabus w i t h the specialist vocabulary and skills that learners need to succeed i n their chosen field. Level 1 English for the Oil Industry is designed for students w i t h a basic knowledge of general English who now require an elementary (CEF level A 1 - A 2 ) English course i n this specific field. I t includes: • topics that reflect the latest developments i n the oil industry, making them immediately relevant to students' needs • clearly defined language and function objectives which are backed up by comprehensive on-the-page language boxes • essential online support for teachers including teacher's notes, fully editable tests and multi-lingual glossaries • student C D - R O M w i t h interactive glossaries i n both British and American English and full course book audio i n MP3 format Other titles in the series include: English for Banking & Finance English for Information Technology English for Nursing www.pearsonlongman.com/vocationalenglish